The Puritans were a spiritual group that believed worlds needed to acquire back to the rudimentss of life ; they needed to hold a pure faith that focused on the truth which was redemption. They believed that human nature was controlled and should be modeled after God, there was no manner to hold one without the other. John Dane, Mary Rowlandson, John Winthrop, and Michael Wigglesworth were four Puritans that highly believed in their religion ; therefore they were first-class illustrations of the thoughts and trials Puritans faced. Benjamin Franklin became a freethinker during his teenage old ages, even though he was raised Puritan. He wrote a booklet reasoning that the Christian God and wickedness could non be in the same universe if the Puritans ‘ beliefs were accurate. Later in his life Franklin wrote a list of virtuousnesss in order to steer human nature. Even though Franklin became a Deist, he merely broke off from his upbringing when it came to the Puritans ‘ beliefs in God and predestination, in respects to virtuousnesss he still believed that worlds needed counsel in order to cognize right from incorrect.
The Puritans believed that God would non desire them to roll up wealth or worldly things, unlike Franklin ‘s position point that worlds should work their hardest to go comfortable. Rowlandson was a good illustration of the battles Puritans endured to non acquire caught up in the glamor of the universe ; in her narrative on her gaining control by the Indians she stated that a consequence of her afflictions was when God showed her the amour propres of the universe. She illustrated how the Puritans believed that secular ownerships were non to be accumulated or enjoyed over the gifts from God ; worlds should disregard secular things and concentrate on the lone of import thing which was be redemption. Rowlandson detailed how the trifles and amour propres of this universe no longer mattered because she learned to tilt on God through all of her adversities ( Rowlandson, 20 ) . In Franklin ‘s The Way to Wealth he described how every adult male should be economical and work their hardest to get as much wealth as possible, he stated, “ but, For Age and Want, save while you may/No Moring Sun lasts a whole Day. ” He wanted to demo people that their prime would non last everlastingly and they should work to do a net income off of it while they could ( Franklin, 37 ) . Franklin and the Puritans shared the thought that indolence was atrocious, that while people were populating they should be active and working ; nevertheless, Franklin believed this statement because he thought that indolence got a individual stuck in poorness, while the Puritans believed that indolence meant that you were non out making God ‘s will. The difference between Franklin and the Puritans was shown in the fact that Franklin tried to convert world that they needed to work towards personal addition, whereas the Puritans believed that world needed to work towards demoing the were predestined for Heaven and guaranting God ‘s will be done.
The Puritans believed that God was in everything they did in their lives, while Franklin believed that God was non as custodies on in the lives of worlds. One of the chief dogmas of the Puritans ‘ spiritual beliefs was that God predetermined who was saved and who was non, they besides believed that God intervened in the lives of saved persons. Puritans worked their whole lives to turn out to others that they were among the chosen few predestined for Heaven. They taught everyone to seek to be every bit God-like as possible in hopes of being one of the few chosen for redemption. An illustration of a Puritan that believed in intercession was John Dane, he wrote a narration in which his female parent warned him of “ God happening him out ” in hopes of forestalling her boy from making things that were non God-like ( Dane, 2 ) . Dane recounts events where he was stung by WASP, which he subsequently interpreted to be God ‘s intercessions in his life because he was populating falsely ( Dane, 12 ) . Mary Rowlandson was a Puritan adult female who believed her gaining control by Indians was her signifier of intercession from God ; she thought God was trying to step in in her iniquitous manner of life ( Rowlandson, 20 ) . Both Rowlandson and Dane demonstrated the Puritans ‘ position point on intercession ; people with godly intercession must be a portion of the few chosen for redemption because God did non step in in the lives of people non saved. On the other manus, Franklin believed that God did non step in in the lives of worlds, in a manner he imagined that God made worlds and so released them in order to let people to make the universe in which they wanted to populate. He did non believe that God caused bad things to go on and labeled them as intercessions ( Franklin, 26-27 ) ; Franklin was a strong truster that work forces had to do their ain manner in life.
In Franklin ‘s thesis Necessity and Liberty, he argued against the Puritans ‘ belief in free-will ; he stated that if worlds were allowed to merely make God ‘s will and did non hold the option to decline, so they did non possess free-will, autonomy, or power. He argued that if worlds had free-will so they should hold been able to do their ain determinations without holding to obey God ‘s will and they should hold been able to regulate over their towns as they saw tantrum ( Franklin, 26 ) . In an effort to talk wisdom to the town people of Massachusetts, Governor John Winthrop gave a address about God giving worlds the free-will to take to follow his will or to make their ain will and he stated that worlds could take to follow what he called natural autonomies or civil autonomies. In Winthrop ‘s address he described natural autonomies as being autonomies of the homo ‘s iniquitous nature and civil autonomies as being autonomies of subjecting to authorization. He reminded townsfolk that subjecting to civil autonomies and authorization meant following God ‘s will and populating Godly lives, which was the overall end for Puritans. To the Puritans, free-will consisted of being able to take between following God ‘s will or populating an iniquitous life style ( Winthrop, 1-2 ) ; nevertheless, Franklin believed that free-will meant being able to do determinations without being limited to taking between populating God ‘s manner and the manner adult male wanted to populate. He wanted to promote people to do determinations in life non based entirely on faith, but to do determinations based on what would give a greater personal addition for them. As for autonomy, Franklin emphasized that people should hold their ain political independency, they should non hold had to depend on the determinations made for them by a governor saying he received orders from God. He wanted people to do a political determination based on facts and information that best served the state, non on what God would desire the state to hold or make ( Franklin, 26-27 ) . The Puritans did non keep the same thought on autonomy ; they believed that worlds should subject to elected functionaries since they were the 1s that received instructions from God. Winthrop illustrated the Puritans ‘ thought about autonomy in his quotation mark “ It is yourselves who have called us to this office, and, being called by you, we have our authorization from Godaˆ¦ ” Winthrop attempted to remind the townsfolk that God desired for them to follow the authorization of magistrates because he gave them orders on how he would wish his people to populate ( Winthrop, 1 ) .
In Wigglesworth ‘s verse form he discussed the Puritans ‘ position of redemption, which was that in the hereafter most people will travel to Hell, but the few that were saved would travel to Heaven. He wanted to inform people that no 1 will get away judgement for their wickednesss no affair where they tried to conceal, “ Both good and bad, both speedy and dead, and all to Judgment bring. ” His verse form attempted to depict the coming of Christ and how evildoers would seek to conceal from judgement. Wigglesworth stated that non merely will sinners travel to Hell, but babes, people who were mentally challenged, and people who did non understand redemption would all pass infinity in the tortures of Hell. Wigglesworth ‘s verse form illustrated the Puritans ‘ spiritual belief that Hell existed because adult male sinned through Adam, which caused God to make a signifier of penalty ; nevertheless, because God loved adult male so much he predestined a certain few to Heaven because he knew that they would care for his gift of redemption ( Wigglesworth, 4 ) . Franklin ‘s belief that an hereafter did non be was based on his thought that pleasance and hurting were every bit balanced so an hereafter was non needed. He explained that hurting was merely the experience of less pleasance than a individual was used to sing ; hence, Hell could non be because a individual would be in a changeless province of hurting, they would necessitate some type of pleasance to equilibrate it out ( Franklin, 27 ) .
Even though Franklin did hold a Puritan upbringing and he agreed with the consequences that spiritual beliefs had on human nature, he did non portion the Puritans ‘ belief in a Christian God. Franklin believed that a God existed, merely non the God that the Puritans were seeking to pattern their lives after. Just like Franklin disagreed with some of the Puritans ‘ thoughts, the Puritans would name some of his thoughts and beliefs wickednesss against God. Their beliefs disagreed wholly with Franklin ‘s end end of moral flawlessness and with the thought that an hereafter did non be.