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Pollution is the act of environmental humiliation and contamination with artificial waste. Air, water, and soil pollution is a serious complication, which affects everyone in the world. Some of the main causes of pollution is the lack of laws to new industries as well as a poorly educated society. Due to environmental pollution, the society has put pressure on the government to create and carry out diverse policies to the control of environmental pollutants.

Land pollution is the deposition of waste materials be it liquid or solid state either underground or the land that could pollute the natural resources like the soil, underground water. Land pollution also threatens public health and is the root of further Causes: land pollution takes place when unwanted materials of all kinds like garbage, rubbish and trash from different places are disposed to the land. Materials consist of moist food, paper, and glass, plastic, Etc.

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Also material such as cement, metals, rubble concrete are buried in the ground. Furthermore, factories eliminate hazardous chemicals and liquids into the grounds. Contaminated effluent from subsurface sewage disposal can also be a cause of land pollution. Garbage left in open dumps often has breeding of animals such as rats, cockroaches, mosquitoes and other disease carriers. They also root the cause of bad smell, windblown debris and other irritants. Windblown debris could cause contamination of lakes, rivers or wells nearby leaving more room for diseases.

Methane, a hazardous gas is given out by decomposing garbage. Misusing of land like deforestation and use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers further pollute the land Effects: Climate: Due to land pollution, the forest cover on earth is decreasing which affects the climate. This results in less rain which leads to fewer pure water resources. Therefore, all living things: the flora and the fauna that rely on fresh water for life are affected. Land pollution also leads to acid rains, greenhouse effect and global warming. Extinction: Land pollution leads to deforestation resulting in many species losing their habitat which is one of the main causes of extinction. Bio magnification: this process takes place when a particular non- biodegradable substance accumulates in the food chain. This puts not only the specie consuming it in danger, but all the species connected to the food chain. Overall results in affecting the food pyramid Biodiversity: extinction will result in unbalanced and disturbed biodiversity.

For example, if a species goes extinct the specie it feeds on will see a number of increase.! WAYS TO REDUCE LAND POLLUTION. Reduce Product packaging: as the consumer market grows, more elaborate and fine packaging is used. This increases the waste produced every year and leads to further land pollution. A way companies have started to go green is cake reusable and recycled packaging that attracts the consumers. Recycle: Using materials that are recycled.

Stop wasting paper and using recycled paper. Give away old books and newspapers to recycle companies. Avoid using materials such as plastic. Recycling helps in reducing the amount of waste dumped in dump fills. Cans and metals could be recycled. Composting: According to scientists, it takes about a decade for a land fill to decompose. Composting helps in decomposition due to its design which helps in flow of air. Yard trimmings and food that are decomposed help in reducing the land pollution

AIR POLLUTION Air pollution is one of the major problems that our planet is suffering from , its affecting our daily life without our notice as its content of poisonous gases and acid rain and many other gases from the burned fossil fuel and transportation and industries, we inhale without our notice it may damage our lungs and affects our health. Air pollution is defined as ” the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment or built environment, into the atmosphere. Wisped, 201 2) Causes of air pollution: The causes of air pollution are many like as I previously mentioned, it could be because of the burning of fusel fuels such as gasoline , oil, coal and natural gas, the daily usage of electricity , the exhaust gas of cars and vehicles specially and not to forget the main natural cause of air pollution is dust. “We also cause air pollution indirectly, when we buy goods and services that use energy in their production and delivery. (Air pollution, 2011) The pollutants are those substances which causes the air pollution , it could be gases, liquid replete or solid substances sometimes like lead and mercury. I’ll mention some important primary pollutants which are carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and sulfur oxides . -Sulkier oxides: usually obtained from the industries and is widely spread in paper manufacture industries and combine with rain droplets and produces acid rain , also” is produced by volcanoes and in various industrial processes. (Wisped, 2012) -Nitrogen oxides: the main source of nitrogen oxides are cars and vehicles. ” nitrogen dioxide are emitted from high temperature combustion, and are also reduced naturally during thunderstorms by electrical discharge” (Wisped, 201 2) -Carbon dioxide: “a colorless, odorless, non-toxic greenhouse gas also associated with ocean acidification, emitted from sources such as combustion, cement production, and respiration. (Wisped, 201 2) -Carbon monoxide: caused in the burning of coal, fossil fuels and wood it’s” a colorless, odorless, non-irritating but very poisonous gas. It is a product by incomplete combustion of fuel such as natural gas, coal or wood. Vehicular exhaust is a major source of carbon monoxide. (Wisped, 2012) Effects of air pollution: Air pollution causes a lot problems and has a lot of impact on us as humans , talking about its effects I will mention three major point to discuss, ‘ the effects of air pollution on our health, environment and economic life.

First, talking about the effect Of it On Our health, the inhaling Of these gases is very harmful and poisonous as it causes permanent damage to the lungs , it also affects the brain and the nervous system and makes us suffer from breathing problems and respiratory illness. Carbon Monoxide is considered as he most dangerous gas , because it “Reduces ability of blood to bring oxygen to body cells and tissues. ” (Air pollution, 2011) . Sulfur oxides when combined with the rain droplets , it forms acid rain which “causes buildings, statues, and monuments to deteriorate. (Air pollution, 201 1) these gases when inhaled into the human body it can cause a lot of damage and may lead to serious situations and could cause death sometimes, therefore we need to be careful and not to expose our bodies to such gases. Second, the effects of air pollution on our environment, it may lead to the melting of the alarm ice caps, can affect the weather distractions which leads to tornadoes , floods , hurricanes and droughts. In addition to that it causes an increase in the sea level . Also, it affects the environment in an indirect way through the spread of new diseases which can be hardly cured and it affects the agriculture which is mostly our source of food. Moreover, acid rain can damage buildings, forests, soil, lakes and it affects the aquatic life. Finally, its effect on the economy, it has an impacts in relation to its effect on the human health and the environment.

Water pollution takes place when pollutants are dumped or discharged into these water bodies. Water pollution leads to the sea life and other living organisms depending on them in danger due to the contaminated water hazardous nature. Biological communities are affected due to water pollution and it keeps growing every year.

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