Last August Japan commemorated the 63rdAnniversary of Japan’s resignation to the United States.
Nipponese leaders have apologized for the “great amendss and pain” it had caused to its adjacent states. In 2005. Nipponese Prime Minister Koizumi has expressed “deep contemplations and heartfelt apology” for Japan’s actions during the World War II and vowed that they will ne’er bury the “terrible lessons” of the war ( Hans Greimel. 2005. p. 1 ) . As everyone knows. the war ended with Japan’s resignation in August 15.
1945 after United States dropped atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 6 and August 9. severally.Though 63 old ages have passed since the bombs were dropped in Japan. the argument on the necessity of utilizing atomic bombs in Japan continues. Historians. until now. are still divided on the issue of the necessity of utilizing atomic bombs in Japan to stop the war ( Bill Dietrich. 2005.
p. 1 ) . This research paper seeks to discourse and react to the chief statements warranting the usage of atomic bombs. The aim of this research paper is to counter these statements to turn out that there was no military necessity for its usage. there were other options which are less destructive and that the usage of atomic bombs is inhumane.
- Argument 1. Quickest Solution to Ending the War
The first and most cited ground was that usage of the atomic bomb was at that clip the quickest solution to winning and stoping the war. Harmonizing to Walter Pincus ( 2005 ) . the populace had become weary of the combat and bloodshed affecting the United States. US had merely ended the conflict in Europe which lasted three and one half old ages. Besides. by July of 1945.
US losingss in the Army and Navy have reached more than 1 million including 290. 000 killed and 630. 000 wounded ( Pincus 1 ) .There was besides domestic discontent among the American people as manifested in the frequent work stoppages and labour unrest. Several months more of conflict will be really dearly-won for the United States in footings of work force and the resources needed to prolong the war. The lone solution is to stop the war rapidly with a bomb.
President Truman. himself. affirmed that the intent of the usage of the atomic bombs was to “shorten the torment of war. in order to salvage the lives of 1000s and 1000s of immature Americans.
” ( Pincus. p. 2 )Argument 2.Most Human-centered Solution to WarAdvocates of the usage of atomic bombs likewise argued that usage of atomic bombs will save the lives countless American and Nipponese soldiers. They say that there will be more casualties if the United States will force through with the earlier program of invasion of Nipponese district. It was estimated that an onslaught in the Nipponese dirt may ensue in casualties of a million American and Nipponese soldiers. Sing the fortunes of avoiding decease of a million lives and the extended harm to Nipponese district in instance of invasion. the usage of atomic bombs was non merely a necessary but besides human-centered.
Counter Argument 1.No Military Necessity for Use of Atomic BombsThere was no military necessity for the usage of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The war would hold ended still even without fall backing to the lay waste toing power of atomic bombs. Before August 1945.
the American forces have been establishing strategic bombardments in cardinal locations in Japan. Sixty ( 60 ) metropoliss have been destroyed and a great portion of its island was already blockaded. There was no nutrient and ammos supply for the Nipponese soldiers.
Nipponese resignation was hence at hand.There are US military leaders who argue that Japan’s resignation was at hand without resort to an invasion or even the usage of atomic bomb was unneeded. Fleet Admiral William Leahy.
President Truman’s Chief of Staff. was among those who thought that a Nipponese resignation can be negotiated without the usage of the atomic bomb and without occupying Nipponese district.In this diary. “I was There” . he opposed the usage of atomic bomb stating. “It is my sentiment that the usage of this brutal arm at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material aid in our war against Japan.
The Japanese were already defeated and ready to give up because of the effectual sea encirclement and the successful bombardment with conventional arms. ” ( William D. Leahy.I Was There. pg. 441 ) .
This sentiment was supported by Gen. Dwight Eisenhower who said that the usage of atomic bombs was unneeded and that its usage was non justified as there was no demand to salvage American lives ( Rosemary Ruether. 1998. p. 1 ) .Counter Argument 2.Resort to Negotiations with JapanNegotiations on the footings and conditions of resignation are recognized events during a war.
It is normally concluded by the sign language of a pact. This is employed to avoid monolithic loss of lives and harm to belongings as a effect of war. There are groundss that will propose that the Nipponese forces have accepted their licking against the US soldiers. Harmonizing to Gar Alperovitz ( 1995 ) .
a message from the Nipponese Foreign Minister Togo on July 1945 was intercepted which said that the Emperor already desires to rapidly end the war to avoid farther loss of lives.Besides. the Nipponese simply wanted to negociate for better footings of resignation alternatively of the unconditioned resignation which the United States demanded from them ( Bill Schlotter. 2005. p. 1 ) .
As a proud race. the Nipponese wanted to continue their award and protect their Emperor which. from my point of position. should non hold been a hinderance to dialogues.
This was the lone ground why the Nipponese forces were contending dauntlessly – to continue their award and to protect their Emperor. When the United States insisted on an unconditioned resignation. the Nipponese soldiers were forced to contend till the really end despite the at hand licking.Counter Argument 3.Use of Atomic Bombs is inhumaneSing that there was no military necessity for the usage of atomic bombs and that there were other less destructive options to coercing the resignation of Nipponese forces. it is argued that the usage of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was inhumane. It non outright resulted to the decease of two hundred thousand guiltless civilians. who took no portion in the war.
but it besides had long term physical and psychological effects on the subsisters.Harmonizing to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. among the physical effects of exposure to the atomic blasts are: Burnss. weariness. high febrilities. purging.
shed blooding from the gums. cataracts. and diarrhoea. The kids exposed to the radiation have besides been reported to hold leukaemia and other non-malignant upsets. The bombardment besides left the Nipponese people with lasting psychological cicatrixs that for some were incurable ( Julia Chaitin. 2007. p. 1 ) .
It is sad that the United States was the first to utilize atomic bomb in a war. It may be true that the Japanese deserved what happened to them. Their Acts of the Apostless nevertheless do non warrant usage of unneeded force. The United States should larn from their errors. This unfortunate event should ever remind us that guiltless human lives should ne’er be sacrificed no affair what the terminal end is.
BibliographiesAlperovitz. Gar ( 1995 ) . “The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb and the Architecture of an American Myth. ” New York: Knopf. 1995.
Chaitin. Julia ( 2007 ) . “Life after the Atomic Bomb. ” USA Today Magazine.
Retrieved 8November 2008. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. highbeam. com/doc/1G1-160591313. hypertext markup languageDietrich. Bill. Pro and Con of Droping the Bomb. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
from: hypertext transfer protocol: //seattletimes. nwsource. com/special/trinity/supplement/procon. hypertext markup languageGreimel. Hans ( 2005 ) . “Japan apologizes as Asia marks sixtieth day of remembrance of World War II resignation. ” Associated Press Worldstream.
Retrieved 8 November 2008. from:hypertext transfer protocol: //www. highbeam. com/doc/1P1-112164136. hypertext markup languageRuether.
Rosemary Radford ( 1998 ) . “America must face its atomic guilt. ” National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 8 November 2008. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.
highbeam. com/doc/1G1-21229857. hypertext markup languageSchlotter. Bill ( 2005 ) . “Researcher: U. S.
Atomic Bombs Not Main Cause of Japan’s Surrender. ” Retrieved 8 November 2008. from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. Iowa. ucsb.
edu/93106/2005/May02/researcher. hypertext markup language