Phonemes The speech sounds that are used to distinguish one word from another in a particular language. Vowels These sounds are made when the air leaving your lungs is vibrated in the larynx but then has a clear passage from the larynx to outside your mouth. Consonants These speech sounds are made when the airflow is obstructed in some way in your mouth. Syllables Is the basic phonological unit of speech. Onset Is the initial consonant or consonants. Rime Is the vowel and any consonants that follow it. Phonograms They are rimes that share the same spellings. Word Families Have endings with common rimes. Morphemes These are the smallest meaning units into which a word can be divided. Affixes These are morphemes that cannot stand alone to form words. Prefixes Is placed before a root to form a word with a meaning different from that of the root. Suffix Is placed after a root to form a word with a different meaning or a different grammatical function. No related posts.