What are the basic components of any given language?
What is the study of the sound system of a language?
The study of the sound system of a language
What is phonology?
What are the basic units of sound called?
The basic units of sound.
What are phonemes?
Individual letters that represent phonemes (or sounds)
What are graphemes?
7 graphemes(letters) 3 phonemes /th, r, u/
How many graphemes are in the word “through”? How many phonemes?
What is the study of the structure of words and word formations?
the study of the structure of words and word formations
What is word morphology?
what are the smallest representations of meaning?
the smallest representations of meaning
what are morphemes?
two(car = root word, s = plural)
how many morphemes are in the word “cars”?
What term refers to the way in which words are organized and arranged in a language?
the way in which words are organized and arranged in a language.
What is syntax?
what term refers to the vocabulary of a language?
the vocabulary of a language
What is a lexicon?
the way that meaning is conveyed in a language through the use of vocabulary(Connotation and Denotation)
What are semantics?
What is the term for how meaning is conveyed in a language using vocabulary?
implied meaning of words and ideas-must have knowledge of culture to understand expressions implied meaning(“irons in the fire” meaning to be planning)
What is connotation?
the literal meaning of words and ideas(“irons in the fire” meaning someone actually has irons in a fire)
what is denotation?
describes how context can affect the interpretation of communication-hidden rules of communications understood by native speakers (“commonsense”)
What are pragmatics?
Babbling, reflexive crying-pre-language stage-play with sounds
How do children ages 0-6 months communicate?
imitation of inflections and facial expressions-one-word stage-recognize their name and follow simple instructions-begin pointing and understanding word concepts
How do children ages 11-19 months communicate?
begin producing simple types of phrases that are a combination of two types of words- Pivot + Open-two word stagePivot- words that can be used for multiple functions (no, up, all, see, more, gone)Open- words generally used to refer to one concept (home, milk, doggy, shoe)”all gone”
How do children ages 13-24 months communicate?
child goes beyond two-word stage and uses mostly content words with high semantic value that can be used in multiple situations-telegraphic stage-function word use is still very limited (prepositions, articles)”milk all gone””that not nice”
How do children ages 18-27 months communicate?
use about 200 to 300 words and can generally produce short sentences-use prepositions and pronouns with some level of inconsistency
How do children at age 2 communicate?
use about 900 to 1000 wordsbegin creating 3 to 4 word sentences-able to follow 2 step commands-engage in short dialogues
How do children at age 3 communicate?
use about 1500 words-more complex sentence structure, but speech still contains pronunciation problems and over-generalizations-understand more that what they are able to convey with language
How do children at age 4 communicate?
concepts and vocabulary related to the themes in various content areas
The use of thematic planning is ideal for ELLs because students are exposed to..
identify critical features of a given concept
The main purpose of using semantic mapping in social studies is to…
visual representation of interconnected characteristics or features of a given conceptcan be represented with words or symbolsfor example: concept of “landscape” linked to pictures of lakes, trees, grass, mountains, etc
What is semantic mapping?
Pizzaro conquered the..
Cortes conquered the
St. Augustine, established by spaniards near 1565 near Jacksonville, Florida
What was the first permanent European colony?
As a sphere, how many degrees does the earth have?
15%earth is 365%, divided into 24 zones (because of the turn on it access equals the length of a day).365 divided by 24 = 15
What is the degree of seperation between earths timezones?
What mountain range contains 9 of the top 10 mountain peaks in the world?
2 per state = 100 total
How many senators represent each of the 50 states?
no, just states
Are territories represented in the senate?
The House of “Representatives” in senate, every state gets 2 votesRepresentatives “represent” the proportion of people in the US.
Every time there is a census, is it the Senate or the House that changes?