Thinking To perceive encode represent and store information from the world. Self-modification Represented by metacognition “knowing about knowing” Encoding Getting info into memory Automaticity Processing info with little effort Strategy Construction Discovering new procures. Rehearsal Consistent repetition of info over time. Constructing Images Attention Concentrate and focus Elaboration Adds to distinctiveness Organization Aided by chunking Deep Processing Deeper processing better memory. Nodes Stands for labels and concepts. Network is irregular and distorted. Nodes Stands for labels and concepts. Schemas concepts knowledge or info about events that already exist in the mind and influence the way we encode information. Primacy Items at the beginning remember best. Serial Position recall better at the beginning and end of list. Specificity Associations form cues. Recall Previously learned information as in fill in the blank. Recognition Identify learned information,as in multiple choice. Cue-dependent Caused by lack of retrieval cues forgetting. Interference Theory Other information (new or old) gets in the way of what we are trying to remember. Decay Theory Passage of time allows “memory trace” to disintegrate. No related posts.