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Introduction

This essay trades with the fortunes and challenges faced by 22 twelvemonth old Betty, who became pregnant when she was 15, and now lives with Candy, her six twelvemonth old girl. Betty has been referred to the societal services cell of the local authorization for appropriate societal work intercession. She has been prosecuting in turns of bingeing and has in the recent yesteryear been enduring from purging, weight loss and amenorrhea.

A brief instance overview is provided below, followed by its analysis and its assorted deductions for societal work intercession.

Case Overview and Analysis

Betty ‘s female parent left her male parent and her sisters when they were really immature because of jobs in covering ingestion of intoxicant. The kid and her sisters were thenceforth sent to a place for kids, where they lived for many old ages. Whilst the kids did non hold any farther contact with their female parent, they would on occasion have visits from their male parent, who worked in a brewery and besides suffered from intoxicant related jobs.

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Betty and her sisters spent their childhood in the kids ‘s place, from where they foremost attended the kids ‘s small town school and thenceforth went to a comprehensive secondary school near the abode of her male parent. Betty began to develop hooky inclinations in her early teens and became pregnant from her relationship with an African Caribbean individual, when they were both 14. She decided to maintain her kid who was named Candy, instead than give her up for acceptance, and was placed in a Foster place situated at a distance from where she had lived for many old ages. With the kids ‘s place shutting down, Betty ‘s sisters, followed by Betty and Candy, came to populate with their male parent. All the kids, including Betty and Candy, lived with their male parent for the following 6 old ages.

Betty foremost met a societal worker when she was 22. She thenceforth moved with her girl to a little flat, which she liked and made attempts to do nice and homely. Whilst switching to her new place proved to be good for both Betty and confect, the decease of her male parent, which occurred shortly after she moved out of his place, traumatised her badly. She suffers from turns of talking troubles, weight loss and emesis and amenorrhea. Her societal service records reveal that she suffered from address upset episodes in her childhood every bit good. Betty has besides spoken to her societal worker about her hard relationship with her girl Candy. Whilst the kid is making good in school and is liked by people, she behaves really severely with her female parent.

An probe of Betty ‘s history reveals that she may good hold been neglected during her childhood. Both her male parent and female parent had intoxicant related jobs. Her female parent left place when Betty and her sisters were really immature, following which she was placed in a place for kids. Child disregard can be defined to be a status, wherein persons responsible for taking attention of kids permit them, either intentionally or because of heedlessness, ( a ) to see agony that is evitable, and ( B ) otherwise fail to supply the environment required for the development of their physical, emotional and mental capablenesss. Disregard can be physical, emotional or educational ( Butler & A ; Gwenda, 2004, p 76 ) . Betty and her sisters were taken in the attention of societal services when they were immature and placed in a kids ‘s place. Whilst their physical demands were met adequately and they were sent foremost to the small town and subsequently to secondary school, it is really possible that they suffered from educational and emotional disregard ( Grinnell & A ; Yvonne, 2008, p 46 ) . They surely did non hold anybody to supply them with emotional or psychological support or to assist them with their school work.

Educational disregard includes the failure of attention takers to admit and right Acts of the Apostless of hooky by kids, even as emotional disregard can originate from inattention to the demand of kids for emotional support and nutriment ( Ghate & A ; Ramella, 2002, p 66 ) . It is apparent that conditions in places for kids are improbable to hold emotionally or educationally enriching environments ( Ghate & A ; Ramella, 2002, p 66 ) . Neglect during childhood can hold inauspicious effects on the physical, societal, rational and psychological development of immature people ( Ghate & A ; Ramella, 2002, p 68 ) . Studies reveal that ignored kids are prone to development of insecure, dying or confused fond regards with their attention givers ( Howe, 2009, p 37 ) . Such deficiency of security in fond regard can take to hyperactivity, deficiency of attending and engagement in category and deficiency of enterprise and assurance to work on their ain ( Howe, 2009, p 37 ) . Child disregard is besides associated with greater incidence of substance maltreatment, delinquent behavior, and early gestation ( Howe, 2009, p 37 ) .

Betty developed inclinations for hooky, both in her school and in her kids ‘s place, and became pregnant when she was 14 from her relationship with a male child of her age. Adolescent gestation is widely prevailing in UK, with the state holding a highest rate for such gestations in all of Europe. Studies reveal that misss from societal category V are at greatest hazard of going teenage female parents. Research grounds besides reveals higher incidence of adolescent gestation in ( a ) immature people in attention, ( B ) immature people go forthing attention, ( degree Celsius ) homeless immature people, ( vitamin D ) hooky players and ( vitamin E ) immature people involved in offense.

Whilst parentage can surely be a positive and enriching experience for normal people, it can besides convey approximately many negative effects for teenage female parents ( Duncan, 2007, p 307 ) . Such jobs include ( a ) inauspicious physical and mental wellness results, ( B ) lesser opportunities of finishing instruction, ( degree Celsius ) greater likeliness of life in the families of others, and ( vitamin D ) greater chance of being solitary parent ( Duncan, 2007, p 307 ) . Teenagers who become parents are known to endure from greater socio-economic want, low ego regard and greater incidence of sexual maltreatment ( Duncan, 2007, p 307 ) . The kids of such parents tend to hold lower birth weights, lesser likeliness of being chest Federal, greater opportunities of turning up in lone parent households, and greater chances of sing poorness, hapless quality lodging and hapless nutrition. Such people besides show greater inclinations for smoke and intoxicant maltreatment ( Duncan, 2007, p 307 ) .

“ Common jobs amongst adolescent female parents include depression and anxiousness during gestation, fiscal, societal and partnership jobs and more negative life events ( relationship break-ups, parental separation and deficiency of community and household support ) . Teenage female parents are more likely to diet or to smoke during gestation. The high smoke prevalence amongst people confronting societal and economic want suggests that smoke may be used as a emphasis get bying mechanism. However, there is a close association between smoking during gestation and inauspicious results such as low birth weight, infant mortality and holds in kid development ” . ( DHSSPS, 2004, p 1 )

Betty, whilst she has lived in a designated kids ‘s place, and has been educated in standard schools, may hold suffered from disregard during her childhood and has experienced gestation in her early teens. Both these experiences can ensue in inauspicious physical, emotional and psychological results. A societal work study reveals that she was prone to endure from talking troubles in her childhood, which could good be the result of an emotional and mental hurt at being separated from her parents. This address upset surfaced once more when she was 22, really perchance on history of her emotional traumatisation at the decease of her male parent, who had provided her with shelter for 6 old ages after the closing of her kids ‘s place. Her other complaints viz. gorging, purging and amenorrhea could besides be related to her disturbed upbringing and her psychologically disturbed province, which appears to hold been aggravated by the decease of her male parent.

Methods of Intervention

Betty is emotionally and mentally disturbed because of the decease of her male parent and the behavior of her kid, Candy, towards her. Such emotional perturbations appear to hold resulted in eating upsets, purging and weight loss. Apart from these complaints, Betty is besides enduring from amenorrhea. She needs medical and perchance psychiatric aid and should be referred to mental wellness professionals and the local GP for appropriate support. Betty ‘s basic exposure arises from her position as a individual parent, her yesteryear of a adolescent female parent, her deficiency of gaining capacity and her hard relationship with her girl. Such jobs could take to decrease of ego regard, depression and attendant mental and physical complaints.

Social work pattern in such fortunes should foremost concentrate on understanding her instance and her background and thenceforth formulate appropriate intercession schemes. Social workers must in the first instance follow appropriate anti-discriminatory, anti-oppressive and individual centred attacks in covering with her instance ( Nash, et Al, 2005, p 23 ) .Thompson, ( 2001, p 7 ) , advances the theory that anti-discriminatory attacks basically arise from personal, cultural and societal ( infrastructural ) influences that are experienced by persons over the class of their lives. These influences affect the socialization of persons and consequence in deeply entrenched attitudes that surface unconsciously and act upon their actions and behavior ( Thompson, 2001, p 11 ) . Social workers, many of whom come from flush and educated backgrounds, are really likely to hold developed entrenched discriminatory attitudes towards disadvantaged sections of society and could good near the jobs of service users, from different racial, cultural, societal and income backgrounds, with preconceived impressions and attitudes ( Butler & A ; Gwenda, 2004, p 83 ) . Dominelli ( 2005, p 41 ) has besides clip and once more emphasised that favoritism is permeant in UK society and its societal work substructure.

Modern societal work theory and pattern besides recommends the acceptance of individual centred attacks towards service users. Service users, it is now widely accepted, should be placed at the Centre of the societal work procedure ; with due respect given to their demand for self-respect, independency and self finding ( Howe, 2009, p 48 ) . Social workers, whilst covering with Betty, with her history of life in a kids ‘s place, teenage hooky, and adolescent gestation, can really likely ( a ) have preconceived impressions about her background, upbringing, instruction and attitudes, ( B ) take small awareness of her helpful nature, her love for her male parent and her fondness for her kid, and ( degree Celsius ) adopt attitudes of “ I know best ” superciliousness in their appraisal and intercession pattern. It is therefore imperative for the societal worker covering with her instance to consciously get the better of prejudiced attitudes, follow a individual centred attack, communicate with understanding and empathy and affect Betty in all intercession suggestions.

The societal worker should in these fortunes engage Betty with unfastened ended inquiries about her jobs and troubles. Betty should be allowed to show herself every bit wholly as possible without break in order to obtain a more complete realization of her physical, emotional and mental strength ( Brachmann, 2010, p 1 ) . She should be asked to explicate the ways and agencies in which she has coped with the assorted crises in her life and asked to research and discourse her assorted strengths and failings ( Brachmann, 2010, p 1 ) . Such treatments can good assist in relieving her feelings about the troubles and hopelessness of her state of affairs, enable her to believe about positive lines of action and formulate suited issue schemes ( Grinnell & A ; Yvonne, 2008, p 55 ) .

Betty should be asked to take the different grounds for her crises, focal point on one issue at a clip, and thenceforth consecutive explore and analyze the different challenges facing her. Such a scheme will assist her to turn to the different crisis factors and happen effectual ways to turn to the diverse challenges ( Adams, et Al, 2009, p 107 ) . It would therefore be possible for her to separately concentrate on her physical and emotional troubles, her jobs with conveying up her kid, and her fiscal challenges. The societal worker should take Betty in conversations that emphasise non-directive geographic expedition of the assorted crisis issues ( Adams, et Al, 2009, p 107 ) . Promoting her to open up by inquiring different types of open-ended inquiries may assist in obtaining disclosures or in greater realization of the assorted issues, which in bend can assist her and the societal worker in the devising of informed picks ( Brachmann, 2010, p 1 ) . The societal worker, one time she expresses something specific or something that she would wish to change, can go more direct in inquiring her to implement such alterations ( Howe, 2009, p 53 ) .

Betty is now 22 and has brought up her kid for 6 old ages as a adolescent parent, making her best at the same clip to assist as a non gaining member in her male parent ‘s household. Whilst Betty can no longer be technically classified as a adolescent parent, she continues to endure from the exposures of such people, who are considered to be among the most vulnerable members of British society. Surveies systematically reveal that kids born to teenage female parents are more likely to hold relatively worse results in footings of physical and mental wellness and instruction. Adolescent births are besides related to higher degrees of mental wellness troubles, force with spouses and societal exclusion ( Coley & A ; Chase-Landsdale, 1998, p 152 ) . Contemporary teenage female parents have lesser likelinesss of viing in the occupation market. With adolescent kid bearing being automatically riotous for secondary instruction, it is far more hard for such people to finish their instruction in the more expensive modern-day twenty-four hours environment ( Clemmens, 2003, p 94 ) . The kids of teenage parents are therefore more likely to be economically deprived and socially excluded. When adolescents become parents, their instruction is likely to be delayed and even discontinued. Their employment chances are lesser, their incomes are likely to be low and they are less likely to develop long permanent relationships. Such people frequently require welfare support for prolonged periods ( Duncan, 2007, p 307 ) .

Betty, it is apparent, suffers from physical and emotional jobs. Adequate medical attending demands to be provided to her physical and mental status in order to guarantee that she recovers from the traumatic experience of her male parent ‘s decease, is able to get the better of her eating upsets and develops a stable, enriching and honoring relationship with her girl.

The UK authorities ‘s societal work policies and substructure for teenage female parents provide for a figure of intercession programmes ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 2 ) . Social workers provide instance direction support by sing adolescent female parents and members of their households in their places. Such visits help in advancing job work outing behaviors, placing personal troubles and challenges and in happening ways and agencies for get the better ofing them ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 2 ) . They encourage female parents to happen occupations and prosecute their instruction farther. Case directors besides plan and hold meetings with such female parents and their household members, wherein all participants work towards developing appropriate support programs ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 2 ) .

Social workers help adolescent female parents by the development of common aid groups, where such people can have and give aid between each other. Young female parents like Betty can besides be suitably educated and trained in developing and pull offing little concerns ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 2 ) . They are, after the completion of such preparation makes them ready to run their concerns, assisted to develop and explicate concern programs for their undertakings. The support for start up costs for such undertaking is provided after undertaking programs are approved by trainers ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 2 ) .

Social work programmes besides provide instruction in life accomplishments, which is delivered over 8 hebdomads in group formats ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 7 ) . Such Sessionss promote the sweetening of cognition and accomplishments in assorted countries associated with parenting, societal apprehension and behaviour direction. Leadership development amongst such female parents is promoted by giving them assorted duties and functions in different types of group activities like planning of societal events and development of commissions ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 9 ) . Studies on these assorted undertakings reveal that their usage leads to increase in the educational accomplishments of female parents and lessens the opportunities of repetition gestations. It besides enhances their sense of good being and reduces use of illegal substances. Surveies on these programmes are nevertheless yet to uncover their impact upon kid results ( Asmussen & A ; Weizel, 2010, p 9 )

The assorted techniques that can be used by the societal worker to do Betty open up and concentrate on her assorted challenges have already been discussed before in the class of this essay. The societal worker should, in line with such techniques, promote Betty to believe and discourse about her specific challenges, viz. ( a ) get the better ofing her present physical and mental troubles, ( B ) set uping a stable and honoring relationship with her girl, ( degree Celsius ) fostering her instruction, ( vitamin D ) increasing her earning capacity and ( vitamin E ) taking a more enriching and socially inclusive life. Open ended inquiries and treatments over different Sessionss on each of these issues can assist Betty in going emotionally more positive and in happening appropriate issue schemes for her different challenges ( Butler & A ; Gwenda, 2004, p 92 ) .

The societal worker can assist her in discoursing assorted options like ( a ) medical and psychological wellness, ( B ) guidance Sessionss with her girl, ( degree Celsius ) preparation of programmes for completion of instruction and / or addition of gaining capacity and ( vitamin D ) greater inclusion in societal and community life. Appropriate intercession programs can be made after obtaining taking Betty ‘s active understanding on specific action programs.

Decision

This essay concerns the societal and economic and challenges faced by 22 twelvemonth old Betty, who became pregnant at 15 and now lives entirely with her six twelvemonth old girl. Betty has been prosecuting in gorging turns and is enduring from purging, weight loss and amenorrhea.

Betty ‘s female parent left the household when the kids were really immature because of intoxicant related jobs. She and her sisters were sent to a place for kids, where they would on occasion have visits from their male parent. Betty and her sisters foremost attended the kids ‘s small town school and thenceforth went to a comprehensive secondary school. Betty began to develop hooky player in her early teens and became pregnant from a relationship with a male child when both of them were 14. Deciding to maintain her kid, Betty, her kid, Candy, and her sisters spent the last 6 old ages with their male parent, following which she moved out with her kid to their ain little place. She was badly traumatised by the decease of her male parent and is concerned about the negative attitude of her kid towards her. She now suffers from eating and address upsets, is losing weight and experiences episodes of amenorrhea.

An analysis of Betty ‘s history reveals that she may good hold been neglected during her childhood. Childhood disregard can adversely impact the physical, societal, rational and psychological development of immature people. Early parentage can besides convey negative effects like inauspicious physical and mental wellness results, lesser opportunities of finishing instruction, greater chance of life in the families of others, and more opportunities of being solitary parents. Such people suffer from greater socio-economic want, low ego regard and greater incidence of sexual maltreatment.

Social work pattern, in such fortunes, should foremost concentrate on understanding her instance and thenceforth explicate suited intercession schemes. Social workers must follow appropriate anti-discriminatory, anti-oppressive and individual centred attacks in covering with her instance. It is imperative for the societal worker to intentionally predominate over prejudiced attitudes, follow a individual centred attack, communicate with understanding and empathy and affect Betty in all suggestions. The UK authorities has a figure of societal work policies and intercession programmes for immature female parents. The societal worker should prosecute Betty with unfastened ended inquiries about her challenges and troubles. She should be allowed to show herself freely in order to obtain a Fuller apprehension of her challenges every bit good as her physical, emotional and mental strengths.

The societal worker should discourse different options like ( a ) her medical and emotional position, ( B ) engaging in reding Sessionss with her girl, ( degree Celsius ) preparation of programmes for completion of her instruction and / or addition of her earning abilities and ( vitamin D ) ways and agencies for increasing her inclusion in societal and community life. Appropriate intercession programs should be made after obtaining Betty ‘s active understanding on specific intercession programmes.

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