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The medical del is the diagnosis of their learning disability labeling the individual as dependent on society and wont fit In. The social model Is where society Is the problem and creates barriers that prevent Individuals from fitting In.

The approximate proportion of individuals with a learning disability for whom the cause is ‘not known’ is 25%. The impact on a family having a member with a learning disability could be paying for care or giving up their job to support the family member.There could also be added stress and worry if they have to undergo any treatment. The services provided for people with learning disabilities has improved irately over time. Up until the sissy people with learning disabilities were not treated very well, being kept In Institutions where they were kept In poor conditions and often abused. Over the next thirty years we have seen the last of the institutes close down. Individuals with OLD are housed in the community where they get direct payments, free travel on public transport and personal cars provided.Some employment is also offered to people with OLD.

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Healthcare has also improved as it’s recognized that individuals with OLD often have other serious medical conditions as a exult of their disability. Day services are provided supporting Individuals to Interact with the community at social events, creating relationships and learning social skills. The past ways of working have affected present services because they are a lot better, as society realist that people with OLD should not be treated differently.Basic principles and practice of advocacy, empowerment and active participation Social inclusion is where all people feel valued, their differences are respected and their basic needs are met so they can live in dignity. Advocacy is the act of speaking on the leaf of or In support of another person. Case advocacy – focus on an issue or set of issues, and are not intended to have a long term basis. Self advocacy – People speak for themselves. Peer advocacy – The advocate shares similar experiences or environments.

Paid independent advocacy – The advocate would have a caseload of several clients and would be Independent from the Issue. Citizen advocacy – Volunteers developing long term relationships with people and speaking up for them. It is important to build empowerment and active participation into everyday support with individuals with earning disabilities by encouraging and supporting them with social events, making decisions and giving choices. This builds empowerment as it can give them self confidence, promotes independence and they can take control of their daily lives.By aspects of their care and they will not become reliant on the careers. Attitudes are changing towards individuals with OLD because society now know more about learning disabilities and are more understanding.

In the past there was a fear of the unknown, but now there has been a lot of research carried out on OLD, society are more accepting and have a better awareness. Positive aspects of being labeled as having a learning disability are that it provides a diagnosis and the appropriate support can be put in place.It can provide explanations for the individual and their family. Negative aspects of being labeled as having a learning disability are that it could limit achievements as it could lower expectations. It may also cause the individual to be afraid of society and be a target for abuse.

Steps that can be taken to promote positive attitudes towards individuals with a learning disability are to raise awareness so that society can be more accepting and understanding. This can be done by integrating people with OLD into society so that people can see for themselves.External agencies such as ICQ, scope, sense, and day centers all contribute to changing attitudes, policy and practice as they have a lot of information on learning disabilities and you can go to them for advice.

Verbal communication Speak clearly and slowly Avoid complicated language Change the pitch or tone of your voice Non-verbal communication Simplify megaton/sign language Use gestures Positive body language/positioning When communicating with individuals with OLD its important to use language that is GE and ability appropriate because they may not understand a question or gesture.An individual with OLD could have a mental age far younger than they are so cannot understand or process information the same as others of their age group. Therefore using slang or complicated words could lead to confusion.

To check if an individual with OLD has understood a communication you can ask them to repeat what you have said or ask for a yes/no answer or gesture. If a misunderstanding occurs you could adapt your communication by using different methods. Then clarify if they have understood the communication.

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