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The train Is the sound that takes Stephen back. 4) The narrator talks about himself in third person to therefore create a nostalgic tone throughout the novel as he constantly looks back on his fond memories. Throughout the novel one of the major themes in time which also allows us as a reader to understand in more detail the time travel of one character from child to adult frequent.

As one of the mall themes Is time Fray tries to create a war time period- to do this he zeitgeists using things such as smell and sound. Fray also uses first person narrative to transport us back to the present, this helps to separate the young Stephen from the older one which brings us further to explore the nostalgic tone when he talks about his past again. ) The use off semantic field creates an importance to a certain topic/subject: ‘perfection’ : tidy, glittering, spotless, perfect, carefully, neatly’ The use of a paradox shows that the narrator could not remember and thing aren’t clear to him allowing the reader to also be confused with Stephen making us read Into the nostalgic tone more The use of personification on how thing has changed creates imagery in our mind to create a better understanding of how the narrator feels The use of color code remind us that Stephen is inferior to Keith this is used during when Fray explains the color of uniforms The use of ellipsis allows us to come to terms with there is a lot more to discover. It creates gaps in the text and show us the frustration the narrator has when having to think about his past 6) Kith’s father spends most of his time working at home and takes a massive attention to detail within everything almost presenting an Idea that everything has to be perfect and in order. It is made clear to us throughout chapter 2 that Keith and his father do not have a strong relationship as Kith’s father mostly ignores him. He is conveyed to us as readers as a quite nasty man, at one point even threatening to cane Keith, he is portrayed to possess all the authority in the house, even over Mrs.. Hayward. 7) Mrs..

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Hayward is presented to us as a mysterious character, very tall, fragile and quiet but also very sweet and Is Implied to us as readers to be very attractive. She is shown to have a distant relationship with her husband and even seems scared of him and his authority. Auntie Dee, however, is a small, very bubbly, happy person and is always smiling and seems to be always in a rush. She and Mrs.. Hayward are shown to have a close relationship as sister. Auntie Dee is also married to peter to whom she has a child to. 8) Stephen and Keith both have very different qualities and morals. Kith’s household Is shown to be at a very high standard whereas the quality of Stephens Is very low and messy.

As Keith Is a higher class he sees himself as having a level of authority over Stephen; Stephen follows this s he thinks himself as lucky to have a friend like Keith who is rich and clean whereas Stephen is seen as messy and unpopular, therefore he allows Keith to boss him around as he is scared he will not make another friend. 9) Stephens father seems to care for Stephen as he asks him how he is doing, however is mostly working away or working at home then asleep from the exhaustion. He could never hurt Stephen In a The flowers and bushes mentioned in chapter 2 include: Shrubs, rose beds, brambles, fire weed, tall hedge, geraniums, and cypress hedges.

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