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Sketch your apprehension of the construct of Social Farming and comparison and contrast Social Farming with other similar footings highlighted in the faculty. Identify the separating feature of Social Farming.

My personal apprehension of the construct of Social Farming is that of farming to better and advance quality of life, societal inclusion and personal wellbeing. This is achieved through a broad scope of on-farm services that benefit both the individual and the farm household. Other similar footings are used to depict these sorts of intercessions, such as, Green Care, Care Farming, and Farming for Health, Animal Assisted Interventions and Horticulture as Therapy.

Green Care is the construct of utilizing workss, animate beings and nature to advance wellbeing. This differs with the thought of Social Farming in that people do prosecute with nature in an synergistic manner but this may non be through the usage of farm related activities.

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Care Farming would see the usage of farms and farming type activities to supply instruction, societal and wellness services to a broad scope of groups. This construct would

Farming for Health

Both Animal Assisted Interventions and Horticulture as Therapy mark a certain country of agriculture activity

Part 2

‘Policy developments in both the sphere of societal attention policy and rural development policy may both contribute to the outgrowth of Social Farming’ . Discuss this statement based on the faculty stuffs and with grounds of your wider reading of relevant material/other beginnings.

The SoFAR and SoFAB undertakings showed that Social Farming type pattern was already steadfastly established in Ireland but was normally run by charitable administrations and non private household farms.

The construct of Social Farming in Ireland can be traced back 100s of old ages, with the outgrowth of charitable groups covering with poorness and exclusion in society. However, the first undertaking associating to Social Farming as we know the construct today did non get down until the sixtiess with the gap of the Cuan Mhuire Centre, where agriculture was considered as a nucleus activity in the intervention of drug and intoxicant dependence.

During this clip worries surfaced that some Centres were concentrating more on an assembly line attack instead than for the existent good of the individual. This system has evolved over recent old ages with more of a focal point on individual centred consequences as opposed to an institutional one system fits all attack.

Different types of Social Farming services are in topographic point and have evolved over the old ages but many of the services are still provided by bing administrations.

The benefits of Social Farming for the service users can be seen by decreased medicine or clip spent in infirmary. The benefit of working out-of-doorss in unfastened infinites can be a benefit both physically and mentally the users. The societal side of service can besides be of great benefit as it brings together different people from the community who might non otherwise meet and begins to undertake societal exclusion. Social Farming is a benefit non merely to the user, but the supplier, the farm household and the wider local community.

However, some issues do be with the farther development of Social Farming within Ireland. Social Farming needs a place, because at present it is situated between a figure of policy countries. Policy countries such as wellness, agribusiness, rural development and instruction would all hold an involvement in Social Farming but because of the very nature of the policies no joined up or integrated attack is taken. If we look at Rural Development and Social Care policy over the last 50 old ages we can see the alterations that have occurred and how these alterations have and will impact the development Social Farming.

Rural Development policy has evolved since Article 39 of the Treaty of Rome in 1958 and so Ireland’s entry into the European Union in 1973, with motion from productiveness based policies to a multifunctional policy. With the Common Agricultural Policy reforms of the 1980’s came the chief displacement in policy with a greater focal point on the wider rural community, these policy displacements lead to Cork Declaration in 1996 and climaxing in rural development policy being established as the 2nd pillar of the CAP. Multifunctional agribusiness and the recognition of the many functions that agribusiness dramas in society started to germinate during the 1990’s and this led to the LEADER community enterprise which was started in 1991 and used a bottom up attack to Rural Development.

The chief developments in societal attention policy have taken topographic point over the past century and have gone manus in manus with the public’s perceptual experiences and attitudes towards people with disablement and mental wellness issues. In the nineteenth Century people with a disablement or mental wellness issues ended up in prisons or work houses and this system by and large continued up until 1945. The Mental Health Act of 1945 did convey about a gradual betterment in the service offered to people through ordinance, preparation and instruction of nursing staff. Policy was besides altering internationally with the UN Declaration on Human Rights in 1948 and this brought into focal point the rights of each single individual and supported the displacement from a medical theoretical account of attention to the more societal theoretical account. Community and voluntary administrations have ever had a major function as suppliers of support and attention to those in demand. For many centuries funding for these administrations came from voluntary and private contributions. It was non until the 1950’s that province support for voluntary groups was introduced. This led to the mix of voluntary and community service suppliers that exists in Ireland today. Since the 1980s, policy paperss including, Quality and Fairness: A Health System for You ( 2001 ) , A New Strategy For Learning Disability for the twenty-first Century ( 2001 ) , A Vision for Change: Report of The Expert Group on Mental Health Policy ( 2006 ) , National Disability Strategy ( 2004 ) , National Action Plan For Social Inclusion 2007-2016 ( 2007 ) and The Social Partnership Agreement Towards 2016 ( 2007 ) can all be seen to see the emerging apprehension to the rights of people with disablement and mental wellness issues and a demand to advance individual centred societal inclusion policies.

At present Axis 3 of The Rural Development Programme provides support to assist husbandmans diversify into non-agricultural activities. This may look the perfect tantrum for the development of Social Farming. However, due to the deficiency of an integrated attack a husbandman before being able to avail of this support must hold tried to acquire support from National bureaus foremost as LEADER is described as “The funder of last resort” . The Farmer besides can non hold support from 2 support watercourses for the same undertaking. The Local Community Development Programme besides has a societal inclusion end that could be used to develop Social Farming, once more, nevertheless, current support is targeted at urban countries with really few resources for the rural countries of the County.

Policies have come a long manner in recent old ages, but to lend to the outgrowth of Social Farming a strategic incorporate attack to policy devising must be undertaken. Without the joined up believing in policy devising at International and National level the development of Social Farming will still be carried out by the many charitable administrations who pioneered the initial services.

Part 3

Local Development Companies may be good positioned to help in the development of Social Farming. Sketch a scheme for your Local Development Company as to how you would come on the development of Social Farming.

A Local Development Strategy for Social Farming should be community led and should be carried out through an integrated and multi-sectoral attack. The Strategy should be designed utilizing the underside up attack, taking into history the demands and potency of the local community. This means that the basis of the scheme must affect a cross-section of the local community as local input into the scheme is one of the basicss of the LEADER attack to Rural Development. During the readying of the scheme people and administrations are identified to hold their say in the scheme and a partnership is likely to develop through their engagement, pulling on this really of import supply of local cognition and consciousness ensures the local relevancy of the scheme. From this partnership a shared apprehension of the chief job countries, the demands and chances of Social Farming can be seen and therefore a common vision and aims can be developed.

To place these spouses or stakeholders we can carry on an analysis of the local country and place people, administrations or establishments that have or can hold a important impact on Social Farming development within the County. The end product of this analysis will assist to beef up the partnership with the stakeholders and supply grounds of community engagement. Possible stakeholders could be The Local Development Company, HSE, Teagasc, Louth County Council, IFA, Local Transport Providers, Local Service Providers and community groups with country specific involvements.

Once we have the stakeholders on board we begin to explicate a scheme. Planning and get downing the procedure of the societal agriculture scheme would be done by set uping a on the job commission. This commission would organize any research, planning and community battle. Those involved in the Committee must be committed to the work and hold proven accomplishments and experience.

Fixing the scheme will affect the Local Development Company transporting out an analysis of the province of Social Farming within County Louth ; this is based on a SWOT analysis. This analysis will place the challenges and chances and so from this scheme, aims and precedences may be agreed.

Example of SWOT Analysis of Social Farming in County Louth


  • Examples of good pattern with/alongside bing societal attention services.
  • Resource of household farm.
  • History of support of care/social farming type enterprises
  • LDC path record in supplying and presenting services.


  • Potential for alternate income coevals for farm households.
  • Service suppliers seeking different ways to present services.
  • Potential for invention.


  • Urban dominated county.
  • Trouble in pulling new entrants.
  • Lack of consciousness.
  • Lack of instruction.
  • Lack of information sharing.


  • Decline in agribusiness with farm Numberss diminishing.
  • The greater force per unit area on husbandmans

The findings of the SWOT analysis can be the footing of the scheme which addresses the local country, is integrated and takes history of the scope of local stakeholders concerns.

The commission will so transport out farther research in the Social Farming country to underpin the SWOT analysis and do for a more focussed and strategic program. The research will include the analysis of other development programmes run by the Local Development Company, such as the Local & A ; Community Development Programme, Tus, Rural Social Scheme and Rural Transport Programme. The research will besides include the analysis of alterations and tendencies in the County since the old scheme, looking closely at on-farm employment and endeavor forms.

Once the demands of the local population have been identified a strategic purpose demands to be developed. Social Farming would “fit into” the current Rural Development Programme Measure 311, Diversification into non-agricultural activities and therefore fall under a strategic purpose of the Local Development Company.

“In regard oftraditional agriculture activities, there has been a go oning diminution in the

figure of farms with cut downing viability, traveling more people than of all time before into part-time

agriculture. Given the go oning economic forces foreseeable over the program period within

the agriculture industry, Louth Leader Partnership implements steps that will promote those involved in agribusiness to diversify into non-agricultural activities, where they wish to make so.”

Social Farming could so be identified in the Local Development Company ends,

“Encouragement for those involved in agribusiness to diversify into non-agricultural activities,

where they wish to make so ; ” .

Once Social Farming has become both an purpose and end of the Local Development Company it must so go an Action for the Local Development Company to implement.

Example of Possible Action for Social Farming under Measure 312

RDP Measure ( 312 )

Diversification into Non-Agricultural Activities

Action 1

Development of societal agriculture options and geographic expedition of other utilizations of obsolete farm edifices and farm based assets for proviso of services.

Strategic Rationale

The on-farm installations in County Louth are varied, with first-class installations in some farms and none at all in other farms.

In order to measure accurately the demands of each farm a comprehensive installations audit should be carried out.

A follow up grant support under the Rural Development Programme will take to better installations.

The community audience procedure strongly indicates the demand for greater consciousness, information sharing and instruction.

Training and development is to be an intrinsic component of the Social Farming Action and LLP will develop a really comprehensive bundle of supports for households interested in non-agricultural variegation and this bundle will concentrate on targeted preparation

step for designation of possible chances for variegation and will include a concentrated promotion run.

Key Stakeholders

Local Development Company, Teagasc, IFA, Louth County Council, HSE, Transport Providers & A ; Local Service Providers.

Anticipated Promoters

Farmers, Farming Community & A ; Entrepreneurs.

Resources Required

Development Officer.

From this possible Action we will necessitate to put out our marks, end products and the possible impacts or results that we require. The mark would be to develop and advance the Social Farming sector within County Louth. The end products to this Action would be delivered through an incorporate bundles of support including research and development, preparation and infrastructural betterments. The possible impacts and results of this Action could be farm households supported, creative activity of full clip employment and an sum of societal farms supported. Through the scheme development procedure, the exact figure of farm households supported, occupations created and societal farms started would be decided.

Once the scheme has been written into the Local Development Company Plan, it becomes a mark of the Company who will utilize its resources to seek to accomplish those marks.


LLP Plan

Europa Website

Louth Leader Partnership

Leitrim Partnership

Web sites on faculty

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Government of Ireland ( 2006 ) . CAP Rural Development Programme 2007-2013.

Irish republicNational Development Plan 2007-2013( 2007 ) . Dublin. Stationery Office.

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