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Respiratory System Terminology adenoid/o adenoids Densitometry adenoid hypertrophy alveoli/o alveolus, air sac alveolar bronco/o bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus Bronchiole’s: This tightening of the bronchus Is a chief characteristic of asthma and bronchitis Bronchitis’s: Caused by weakening of the bronchial wall from Infection. Bronchiolar: This drug causes dilation, or enlargement, of the opening of a bronchus to Improve ventilation to the lungs. An example Is alabaster, delivered via an inhaler.

Pronounceable: A pronounceable fistula is an abnormal connection between the bronchial tube and the pleural cavity (space). Occurring as a result of lung disease or surgical complication, this can cause an air leak into the pleural space. Bronchial/o bronchiole, small Bronchioles: This Is an acute viral Infection occurring In Infants younger than 18 months of age caps/o carbon dioxide hyperplasia coin/o dust pneumonia’s cyan/o blue Occasions: Caused by deficient oxygen in the blood.

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Piglet/o Epiglottis Epiglottis: Characterized by fever, sore throat, and an erythrocytes, swollen epiglottis larynx/o Laryngeal Laryngitis’s: Spasm of laryngeal muscles that closes the larynx Laryngitis lobo lobe of the lung lobotomy meditates/o Medications Indemnifications: An endoscope is inserted through an incision in the chest. NAS/o Nose Appraisal sinuses : Para- means near in this term. Instigators intubations Roth/o straight, upright Orthogonal : An abnormal condition in which breathing (-paean) is easier in the Upright position.A major cause of orthogonal is congestive heart Failure (the lungs fill with fluid when the patient is lying flat). Physicians assess the degree of orthogonal by the number of pillows a patient requires to sleep comfortably (e. G. , two-pillow Orthogonal). Ox/o Oxygen Hypoxia : Tissues have a decreased amount of oxygen, and occasions can result.

Sector/o chest Expectoration: Clearing of secretions from the airway by coughing or spitting. This sputum can contain mucus, blood, cellular debris, pus, and microorganisms. Haring/o pharynx, throat pharyngeal phonon/o voice Dysphasia : Hoarseness or other voice impairment preen/o diaphragm Prince nerve: The motor nerve to the diaphragm. Pleural/o Pleura Polypropylene: The suffix -dying means pain. The interracial muscles or pleura are inflamed, causing pain during breathing. Pleural effusion : An effusion is the escape of fluid from blood vessels or lymphatic’s into a cavity or into tissue spaces. Penne/o, air, lung Pneumonia: The suffix -thorax means chest.Because of a hole in the lung, air accumulates in the pleural cavity, between the layers of the pleura Pullman/o Lung pulmonary Rhine/o nose Rhinestones Rhinoceros: Commonly known as “runny nose.

” sinus/o sinus, cavity Sinusitis spin/o Breathing Speedometer Expiration: Note that the s is omitted (when it’s preceded by an x). Respiration : Cheyenne-Stokes respirations are marked by rhythmic changes in the depth of breathing (rapid breathing and then absence of breathing). The pattern occurs every 45 seconds to 3 minutes. The cause may be heart failure or brain damage, both of which affect the respiratory center in the brain. El/o complete Tattletales: Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion (-ecstasies) of a lung. Tattletales may occur after surgery when a patient experiences pain and does not take deep breaths, preventing full expansion of the lungs. Thorax/o Tracheotomy Thoracic tonsil/o tonsils Tonsillectomy: The orphanages (palatine) tonsils are removed. Trachea/o trachea, windpipe Tracheotomy Tracheal Stetsons : Injury to the trachea from trauma, a burn, or serious infection can endothelial tube in place for a prolonged period may lead to tracheal injury or the formation of scar tissue.

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