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Further actions and more laws would be enforced in order to fix the overpopulation of domestic animals. The causes of overpopulation are due to overbidding, choosing not to adopt, people disposing of their pets, and irresponsible pet owners who choose not to neuter. In an article in the DVD Magazines, Dry. Jeannine Quinn, the president Of the Association Of Shelter Veterinarians States that overpopulation threatens the lives of companions animals more than any infectious disease and results from a combination of too many pets for the number of suitable homes… DVD Veterinary). Statistics show that 60% of cogs and 70% of cats entering animal shelters never make it out alive (PAWS Chicago). A solution is possible and starts with each of us taking a step and getting our pets fixed. Over the years, public awareness has been increased about the need to spray and neuter, but many pet owners still choose not to do so. As people intentionally breed their pets either for fun or for profit gain, others do not spray or neuter out of ignorance and choosing to believe that their animals won’t breed accidentally. The urge to breed is very powerful.

Pets can, and will overcome extreme obstacles to get to their attention mate. Males and females will run out the door, chew through their leashes or even jump through fences. Spraying and neutering pets is a conscious choice and the right thing to do. Puppies and kittens can be safely be fixed when they reach eight weeks; this is well before they reach sexual maturity so there is no chance for an “accidental” litter. A majority of pet owners who breed their animals believe they aren’t contributing to the overpopulation if they can find homes for the litters; but this increases the chance of one ending up in a shelter.

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Many of hose kittens and puppies will end up at an animal shelter at some point in their life. On average a fertile cat can produce three litters in one year and the number of kittens in a litter ranges from 4 to 6. In about seven years, one female cat and her offspring can produce 420,000 cats (LA Animal Shelter). Besides spaying and neutering, there are other approaches and potential solutions. First and foremost, the law must require licenses for breeders. Any individual or organization that wants to breed animals should be required to purchase a license.

The license is to be renewed annually and anyone found to licensed will be a fined over an obscene amount, perhaps $1,500 for each litter. Breeders should also have a limit on how many animals they are allowed to produce in a year. There will be some flexibility as litter size varies but the breeder must have a limit. Any one breeder who falls out of the conformity would have their license void and revoked. The law must also have a limit on how animals are bought or sold. Selling animals should only be limited to state-controlled pet stores.

People whom are caught selling dogs or cats on the street or over the web would be fined r be required to statue community service. One organization called the Alliance of for Contraception in Cats and Dogs are actively researching other methods of contraception; such as nonsensical sterilization. The search for a nonsensical sterile has never been greater as this organization received over $70 million in grants and funding (Veterinary Medicine). This method will help target difficult to reach communities and feral populations of cats and dogs.

There have been large advances in the area of nonsensical sterilization of animals in the past decades. Many zoos use a number of contraceptive methods to control the number of unwanted offspring. It is often accomplished through the use of a hormonal implant that allows reversible control of fertility in females. According to Dry. Patty Olson however, a board-certified veterinary terminologies, “… Animals in zoos are under constant professional care and scrutiny, allowing for potential side effects to be evaluated on a regular basis. (Pathfinder). ” The search is still on going.

These plausible solutions will obviously require extensive time, none and strict enforcement. It would also require hiring people to support the cause, and the government would need to monitor pet stores and breeders. Given that we spend millions running shelters and euthanizing animals any. Bay, these possible solutions are definitely worth considering. In addition, more potential pet owners should consider adopting their pets from a legitimate animal shelter or through a rescue group. As a community we can help by educating our friends and family members about overpopulation, adopting, and the need to spay and neuter.

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