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Effects of water pollution 1 . Death of aquatic (water) animals: The main problem caused by water pollution is that it kills life that depends on these water bodies. 2. Disruption of food-chains: Pollution disrupts the natural food chain as well. Pollutants such as lead and cadmium are eaten by tiny animals. Later, these animals are consumed by fish and shellfish, and the food chain continues to be disrupted at all higher levels. 3. Diseases: Eventually, humans are affected by this process as well. People can get diseases such as hepatitis by eating seafood that has been poisoned. 4.

Destruction of ecosystems: Ecosystems (the interaction of living things in a place, depending on each other for life) can be severely changed or destroyed by water pollution. Solutions for water pollution 1. You can help: Never throw rubbish away anyhow. Always look for the correct waste bin, use water wisely, do not throw chemicals, oils, paints and medicines down the sink drain, or the toilet. 2. Governments, local councils and laws: Many governments have very strict laws that help minimize water pollution. These laws are usually directed at industries, hospitals, schools and market areas on how to dispose, treat and manage sewage. . Liquid Waste (Sewage/Wastewater) Treatment: Wastewater (liquid waste) from flushing the toilet, bathing, washing sinks and general cleaning goes down the drain and into a pipe, which joins a larger sewer pipe under the road. The larger pipe also joins a major pipe that leads to the treatment center. The filtered water is then released into the river. C. Land pollution Land pollution, means degradation or destruction of earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly as a result of human activities. Causes of Land Pollution 1.

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Deforestation and soil erosion: Deforestation carried out to create dry lands is one of the major concerns. Land that is once converted into a dry or barren land can never be made fertile again. 2. Agricultural activities: With growing human population, demand for food has increased considerably. Farmers often use highly toxic fertilizers and pesticides to get rid of insects, fungi and bacteria from their crops. However with the overuse of these chemicals, they result in contamination and poisoning of soil. 3. Overcrowded landfills: Each household produces tons of garbage each year.

Items that cannot be recycled become a part of the landfills that hampers the beauty of the city and cause land pollution. 4. Industrialization: Due to increase in demand for food, shelter and house, more goods are produced. This resulted in creation of more waste that needs to be disposed of. 5, Construction activities: Due to arbitration, large amount of construction activities are taking place which has resulted in large waste articles like wood, metal, bricks, plastic… 6. Sewage treatment: Large amount of solid waste is leftover once the sewage has been treated.

The leftover material is sent to landfill site which end up in polluting the environment. Effects of Land Pollution 1 . Soil pollution: Soil pollution is another form of land pollution, where the upper layer of the soil is damaged. 2. Change in climate patterns: The effects of land pollution are very dangerous and can lead to the loss of ecosystems. . Environmental Impact: When deforestation is committed, the tree cover is compromised on. This leads to a steep imbalance in the rain cycle. 4. Effect on human health: The land when contaminated with toxic chemicals and pesticides lead to problem of skin cancer and human respiratory System. . Distraction for Tourist: The city loses its attraction as tourist destination as landfills do not look good when you move around the city. It leads to loss of revenue for the state government. 6. Effect on wildlife: The animal kingdom has suffered mostly in the past decades. They face a serious threat with geared to loss of habitat and natural environment. Solutions for Land Pollution 1. Make people aware about the concept of Reduce, Recycle and Reuse. 2. Reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers in agricultural activities. 3.

Avoid buying packages items as they will lead to garbage and end up in landfill site. 4. Buy recyclable products. 5. Create dumping ground away from residential areas. D. Light pollution Light pollution is the excessive and prolonged use of artificial lights, in a way that results in brightening of night skies, disrupting natural cycles and activities of wildlife, health problems in humans, as well as preventing unmans from observing stars and other planets. The main sources of light pollution 1 . Electronic Advertising Boards and Commercial Centers 2. Night Sports grounds 3.

Streetlights and car lights 4. City parks, Airports, public places 5. Residential Areas Effects of light pollution 1 . Waste of resources: It costs a lot of money to light up homes, public places, sports and commercial places. 2. Loss of historical and cultural value: Astronomers are concerned that not only do they have difficulty reading and viewing activities in the sky and outer space, but also we are losing the underfed dark sky view with stars and other space objects that we used to enjoy. 3. Health implications: Our eyes naturally adjust during day and night so we can see things properly.

Too much light can harm our eyes and also harm the hormones (such as melatonin) that do this job. 4. Wildlife: Many insects, birds, mammals and reptiles are photoelectric in nature. Artificial lights, even in small amounts can distort their natural operations and cycle Solutions for light pollution 1. Engineers must invest and use new lighting technology. 2. Government policies On the use Of lights must be stepped in a way that ores consumers to buy more energy-reduced light (and also not too much bright lights). These policies must be enforced. 3.

Research shows that too much light does not necessarily improve visibility. This means that smart choices can be made to improve visibility in the night without splashing too much light into the sky. E. Noise pollution Noise pollution takes place when there is either excessive amount of noise or an unpleasant sound that causes temporary disruption in the natural balance. Causes of Noise Pollution 1 . Industrialization: Most of the industries use big machines which are palpable of producing large amount of noise. 2. Poor urban Planning: In most of the developing countries, poor urban planning also plays a vital role.

Overfilled houses, large families sharing small space, fight over parking, frequent fights over basic services leads to noise pollution which may disrupt the environment of society. 3. Social Events: Noise is at its peak in most of the social events. Whether it is marriage, parties, pub, disc or place of worship, people normally flout rules set by the local administration and create nuisance in the area. 4. Transportation: Large number of vehicles on dads, airplanes flying over houses, underground trains produce heavy noise and people get it difficult to get accustomed to that. . Construction Activities: Under construction activities like mining, construction Of bridges, dams, buildings, stations, roads, flyovers take place in almost every part of the world. 6. Household Chores: We people are surrounded by gadgets and use them extensively in our daily life. Gadgets like W, mobile, mixer, vacuum cleaners, washing machine and dryer, cooler are minor contributors to the amount of noise that is produced but it affects the quality of life of your spinsterhood in a bad way Effects of Noise Pollution 1 .

Hearing Problems: Any unwanted sound that our ears have not been built to filter can cause problems within the body. Our ears can take in a certain range of sounds without getting damaged. 2. Health Issues: Excessive noise pollution in working areas such as offices, construction sites, bars and even in our homes can influence psychological health. 3. Sleeping Disorders: Loud noise can certainly hamper your sleeping pattern and may lead to irritation and uncomfortable situations. 4. Cardiovascular Issues: Blood pressure levels, radio-vascular disease and stress related heart problems are on the rise. . Trouble Communicating: High decibel noise can put trouble and may not allow two people to communicate freely. This may lead to misunderstanding and you may get difficult understanding the Other person. 6. Effect on Wildlife: Wildlife faces far more problems than humans because noise pollution since they are more dependent on sound. Animals develop a better sense of hearing than us since their survival depends on it. Solutions for noise pollution 1 . Tree Plantation: Effective solution for noise pollution is to plant bushes and Reese around the sound generating sources.

Sound passage is blocked by the dense shrubs and trees. 2. Soundproof Homes: To block unwanted noise from outside soundproof doors and windows can be installed. 3. Loudspeaker Prohibition: The major cause of noise pollution in public areas is loudspeaker. For the safety of the people it should be banned at any cost. Those who violate and play loudspeakers in crowded areas and public places strict laws should be imposed against them. 4. Factory Location: From the residential areas factories and industries should be located in far off places. F.

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