Human numbers are expected to boost almost by fifty percent. By 2050, the population is expected to reach 9. 1 billion people. The growth will be apparent in existing or new cities Of developing countries. Simultaneously, richer nations may lose population through a slower growth rate, due to prosperity (Veggies 143). Immigrant Indians are sustaining Rupee’s stagnant growth rate. Around the world, young women are faced with childbearing decisions that will affect the rest of their lives, and ultimately determine whether the global population debilitates or not.
Research even shows that the more educational opportunities a woman is given, the fewer children she is likely to have. Between 1 960 and 2000 Jenny’s fertility rate fell from eight to five births per woman. Although in sub-Sahara Africa, fertility rates remain high due to a lack of education (Gunning). Eighty-four million people around the world are hungry and under nourished. Historically three basic systems make up humans diet: oceanic fisheries, rangelands, and croplands. Today fishermen scrape the bottom of the ocean floors to catch enough because the sustainable yield limit has been et.
Production of beef and mutton has tripled within the past thirty years, which has caused over grazing and lower rangeland productivity (Global Opposing View Points). Alone, China supports over one billion people, about a seventh of the world population with less than ten percent of the Earth’s permeable land. Keeping food production up to speed with the growth of the world’s population is possible. However, it will be a challenge to not exhaust Earth’s resources such as drinkable water (Gunning). Overpopulation and haphazard human activity has polluted rivers across the world.
Untreated sewage, chemicals, and garbage are dumped into water oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, streams around the world. As a result, half the world does not have access to safe drinking water. Specifically, Asia is the worst. Indonesian Citrus is so filthy, the water cannot be seen. The Ganges, Hindus, Yang, and other rivers have become complete sewage. India may have the worse situation; the tap water is even unsafe to drink. The sickness from drinking the precarious water is known by locals as “Delhi Belly”‘ (“Water, Water Everywhere… “). Water is essential to life; this is a huge issue.
Together China and India make up thirty-five percent of humanity. China has kept up its agricultural output, and decreased its population growth. India is in total contrast; the country is depleting its resources and increasing its population (Global Opposing View Points 34). Even the rainforest’s have felt a large impact. Every year 20,000 square kilometers is taken away from the Amazon Rainforest’s. This forest is important for maintaining biodiversity, producing oxygen, purifying the air and water, and maintaining migration habits and habitats (Global Opposing View Points 48).
Not only habitats, but farmland has been lost. Soil erosion, colonization, and degradation have degraded eight billion acres of pastured land around the world (Global Opposing View Points 167). The United States is expected to reach 400 million people by 2050. Not only is the United States affecting the globe with numbers, but with its aggressive way of life. During 2004, a new house was built every twenty minutes in Lass Vegas. This example shows how the American lifestyle is characterized by “gas-thirsty cars and big houses using lots of electricity. This country’s arbor emissions are four times higher than the global average (Gunning). England became the world’s largest city during the coal-powered industrial revolution. This era was a tipping point for the steep rise of Earth’s population (Gunning). Now in contrast, Europe and North America have slowed down their population growth, partially due to economic prosperity. By 2020, these more developed countries will fall to a sixteen percent growth rate, rather than twenty percent (Global Opposing View Points 165). Worldwide, the death rate is about three per second, while the birth rate tanks at six per second.
In the near future, compared to today’s figure, an increase that exceeds one and a half times the current population will be apparent. An increase of people means an increase of food. Availability of food has grown, but in under-developed countries, it has been declining. An overwhelming fifty percent of plants and animals are harvested for human use, which leaves a large impact on companion species. Realistically, this has a huge impact on the world’s ecosystem. Airborne waste from energy productions has been accused as a root to climate change (“This Planet Anti’). It is important to realize the affects that this has on everyone’s life.
One in seven people on Earth live in slums today. Providing people with better housing education will be one of the great challenges facing a world of seven billion people and counting (Gunning). Most of the additional population growth lies in India, parts of Africa, and throughout the Middle East. It is a result of declined standards of living, healthcare issues, and troubles relating to migration and terrorism (Tucker 13). Influencing new technology and new areas for finding resources will also benefit the human race in the future. Through investments in education, health, and technology, humans’ productive capacity should be intensified.
This process will allow an increase of access to reproductive healthcare and contraception, which in return will voluntarily slow growth rates. Improvement in terms of interaction should be apparent as a reform is set in place for economic, political, civil, and social institutions, practices, or policies to achieve a greater social and legal equality. These improvements can then lead to a global law. This global law can collaborate every reform (economically, politically, civilly, socially) that will template positive outcomes around the world (Veggies 143).
The solution cannot be reached easily unless governments and people work together to improve interactions and reforms. It is necessary that the current situation of the aspects negatively affected by this problem be reversed. Extinction of plants, animals, habitats, resources, and safe water, climate change, and other environmental problems are serious issues that have an influence on the future of humans. It is important to subdue overpopulation; through the process, everyone will benefit.