Nigerian environment is associated with unclassified problems entangled with impoverish outlook and being devoid of most modern facilities and infrastructure that could sustain an urban area. This is clearly manifested on the standard of living and the contribution of the people towards national development. This circumvented problem in the rural areas has adverse effect on the students’ academic performance.
It is imperative therefore to exhume the associated rural problem that affects their academic achievement with the prevailing order in the educational arsenal. Most often than not, there has been persistent cry about the state of intellectual attainment in the school system. This cry does not include only student’s performance in the rural area but in the urban as well. Environment according to Oxford Advanced dictionary is the natural conditions like land, air and water, in which people, animals and plants live and also circumstances affecting their life.
Environment can be physical or psychological. Physical environment deals with material aspects such as infrastructure, availability of resource facilities. The psychological environment includes the home, school community and significantly other people in our lives such as parents, peers and siblings. The quality of our home is very significant; some have a history or tradition of formal education and modern influences, while some are not so well equipped. The gadgets, resources and facilities in both types of home will influence the learning processes of children born in these homes.
Studies have shown that if a child lives in an impoverished environment for the first four years of life, he is likely to lose as many as, in reading knowledge and skills, general knowledge and skills. “The environment” provides the necessary conditions for both physical and intellectual growth. The African child has often been hand capped by ill-health, lack of motivation, nutritional deficiencies, and unfair criticism. This hampers his intellectual development considering as such treatment invariably result in negative self-concept. Home” is where the child, the parent or guardians live and from where the child set out to and fro to school. Home is first enduring environmental factor in promoting readiness for school work in the child. This is because parents or radians in the home are children first teacher. From the day a child is born and begins to hear, he or she begins to develop literacy as parents and other caring adults and pre-school teachers speaks, play, sing and read to them. As a child he moves from infant to toddler and then to preschooler, he learns to be able to read, write, listen and speak.
Early literacy development is a significant part of preparing children to achieve academically. Basic literacy activities that are associated with children’s engagement with texts and success in reading were identified by literacy researchers (Dickinson and Tabors, 2001 ; Wakes and Band 2001) includes; oral language development, which includes book reading, phoneme awareness activities (acquired through nursery rhymes jingles poetry, and books that contain words with rhymes). And exposure to alphabet.
The influence of parents especially, Mothers on children early literacy acquisition and subsequent school achievement is well documented in numerous studies (Trusty, 1 998, Yang & Line 2002; Sodden & Ray 2003). Research shows that greater parental involvement in children’s learning positively affects the child’s school reference including higher academic achievements (Ms Neal’ 1999; Scribner’s, Line 2003); and greater social and emotional development. Parents not only provide good learning experiences, and through talking with the child, sharing experiences and teaching but also help to organize a child’s learning experiences.
Also, children With richer home literacy environments demonstrate higher levels of reading knowledge and skills than those low academic exposures. Psychologists have also discovered from various studies that heredity goes a long way to determine a child’s intelligence and inconsequently the level of his academic performance in a given environment. Those children whose parents are noted for higher intelligence quotient are bound to inherent such traits through genetic transfer and such children are sometimes referred to as a chip of the old block.
In conclusion, parents contribute a lot to the academic achievement of their children in school, it is assumed that students from homes that do not have interest for education tend to perform poorly in their subjects like chemistry, Biology, English Language, Mathematics, Gobo language, physics. This is because they jack encouragement and incentives from parents which affect them negatively. Therefore, the home is expected to provide a good atmosphere to enhance students learning.
Statement Of Problem Most people hold the view that home environment of a child affects his academic performance. Today, most parents are not highly involved in early academic acquisition of their children. In the home mothers are the first teachers, they are care giver and minder of the child during the critical period of their development, though fathers do as well (Brim hail and We Godson and Ray, 2003). The problem arises from the fact that the j many parents are so demanding and this may explain why they dc ample time for their children.
Some parents are either unable or r’ provide the basic need of the child due to the socio-economic data existing among the various homes in highly civilized areas and this the academic performance in the school. Many conflicting views h, expressed by various authors as the factors that are responsible FCC standard of academic performance of secondary school students. Blame this poor performance on the government inadequacy in if it’s obligation towards education. Others maintain that teachers AR responsible for this state of affairs.
The thrust of this project is to critically examine and analyze the home background on the academic performance of students. Tool research carried out elsewhere, little or no effort has been made it to carry-out this research in Enough North Local Government of Ere This work seek to investigate how the role played by the home, dir indirectly affects the students’ academic performance. To investing therefore, the following will be considered; What is the mystery us the disparities in performance of students from different homes, l’ ender the Same school environments?
Does the socio-economic SST home have any considerable influence on students academic per What effect does the learning environment has on the educational achievement of students? Purpose Of Study 1 . To determine the extent of the effect of socio-economic status c on students’ academic performance in some selected secondary Enough North Local Government Area. 2. The study will look into the, status of the parent and find out whether it has any considerable I the students academic performance. 3. It will also consider to who tutus of parents (at homes) provides visual aids for meaningful achievement. . This will also examine how the school and home influence the academic performance of the child in the Secondary Significance of the study.