This includes marshes, mangroves fens, swamps, lagoons etc. They store water for a long period of time and help keep floods in check. They also prevent coastal erosion. Despite the fact that these marshlands are important the reduction in the levels of these areas are very apparent . The government, in a census, has identified 648,507 hectares of wetlands in India and it has estimated that freshwater wetlands constitute up to roughly 20% of the biodiversity in India.
Studies have proved alarming levels of marshland destruction in India. This level has been estimated by experts at up to 2-3% deduction per year. Planarian Marsh Planarian is locally known as Achieve (a generic Tamil name for marshes and swamps). It is situated in Achaean and is one such important marshland which has been in the preview of the government and Nags alike. This marshland is a 50 km wetland located in the South of Achaean. Planarian Marsh has the most diverse natural habitats Of the country with over 330 species of plants and animals.
According to a census taken by an MONGO group Mamma Planarian, the heterogeneous ecosystem of the marshland supports about 337 species of flora and fauna. Of the faunal groups, birds, fishes and reptiles are the most prominent. Further it has been identified that Planarian marsh is home to 115 species of birds, 10 species of mammals, 21 species of reptiles, 10 species of amphibians, 46 species of fishes, 9 species of mammalians, 5 species of crustaceans and 7 species of butterflies. About 114 species of plants are found in the wetland including 29 species of grass.
The problem Planarian is facing the problem of reduction of the marshland. The area of the Planarian marshland has been reduced to a mere 600 hectares from he original 6,000 hectares. The government, however, has protected only 317 hectares Construction of buildings in the surrounding areas of the marsh has been one of the factors to this reduction of the levels of the marshlands. The marsh is also contaminated with millions of liters of untreated sewage. The main problem, however, is the dumping and burning of garbage.
Over 250 acres of the marsh is covered by the city’s garbage as this is one of the major dumping grounds. The garbage is dumped in the marsh and later burned. According to a survey conducted by the pollution control board, the levels of separable suspended particulate matter (RSVP) is double than the permissible level of 100 micrograms per cubic meter. This could cause harmful effects to the residents near the marsh area. Burning the garbage also kills the different plants and animals in the marsh.
There have been a significant number of birds and animals which were found dead due to the spreading of fires. “We have complained several times. But garbage is still being burnt in the marshes. The pollution when the garbage is being burnt is affecting us a lot”, says Mum . P, a resident of the area. Government steps A project on ‘Inland Wetlands of India’ commissioned by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India had prioritize Planarian Marsh as one of the most significant wetlands of the country.