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The aspect of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is among the primary causes of death mortality in the present. Because of this alarming concept, public awareness regarding this mortality problem must be highlighted for the people particularly the parents of the young infants to inform them regarding what they might face thus, preventing it in the process. Indeed, knowing the primary causes and contributory factor regarding this problem will significantly aid the society in preventing this mortality from occurring in their situation.In relation to this aspect, this paper wishes to discuss the general nature and characteristics of the problem of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Included in this paper are the discussion of the likely causes and contributory factors to this problem, the common health and medical diagnosis, and the significant intervention and prevention aspects. This discussion is made through correlating and expounding the informations presented in professional medical studies and researches giving the claims and arguments credibility and substantiality. In general, this paper wishes to discuss the overview perspective including the relevant aspects in the SIDS problem for the benefit and awareness of the public. The sudden infant death syndrome is a controversial indication of illness in the society mainly because this involves a tragedy with a young individual. This syndrome is mainly characterized by symptoms of unexpected death of a young infant aged one month to one year. This syndrome is mainly sudden because the infant involved is commonly presumed to be healthy thus, giving the observation of the unlikeness of the event. However, with a close observation and with a critical attention given to each infant to ensure his or her safety and the symptoms involved in the event, sudden infant death syndrome can be avoided thus, giving the infant his or her rightful chance to live and grow as an adult.Sudden infant death syndrome is mainly diagnosed after the death with the ruling of exclusion of other possibilities and medical conditions. If a child dies unexpectedly without any significant medical condition known prior to the incident, the investigation will be then initiated under the perspective of SIDS (Carolan et al, 2007; Ottaviani, 2007). In the diagnosis of the syndrome, three steps are necessary namely the autopsy of the corpse, investigation of the scene and the circumstances of the event, and the exploration of the medical condition and history of the infant and the family to determine any connection with the death. However, though the syndrome is indeed unpredictable and the possible diagnosis can only occur after the event, considering the symptoms and contributory factors can reveal the potential of the syndrome itself (Ottaviani, 2007). Thus, it is important to consider the symptoms and concepts that are connected to the possibility of SIDS.The medical community in the present cannot indeed identify the potential of SIDS within the infant however, many contributory factors and symptoms have been established to be connected to this syndrome. These symptoms and factors are generally classified under three categories namely prenatal, postnatal, and environmental risk factors. Under the first category, several prenatal factors are considered significant in the determination of SIDS in an infant including primarily the medical history of the parents. Other factors include inadequate prenatal care and nutrition, tobacco smoking, drug abuse, alcohol intoxication, and others (Cornelius, 2000). The second category on the other hand is focused on post-natal factors including the medical background of the infant itself. Included in this category are the factors of low birth weight, exposure to tobacco side-stream smoke, overheat due to excessive clothing, excess bedding and pillows, premature birth, gender wherein males have higher risk of SIDS, age wherein the age two to four months has the highest probability, and others (Ukeje et al, 2001).The third category or the environment factors are viewed to be the most significant and contributory to the prevention aspect of SIDS. Knowledge on these factors and the application of the precautionary measures are viewed to reduce significantly the likelihood of SIDS. Included in this category are the sleep positioning, secondhand smoke, sleeping area, and others (Mckenna & McDade, 2005). Addressing these factors also promotes precautionary approaches towards the prevention of SIDS. As addressing the environmental risk factors, it is important to note the sleeping position of the infant wherein sleeping on the back is highly recommended, promote breastfeeding, sleep with the infant with medium proximity (in the same room but not in the same bed), reduce secondhand smoke, and clear the bed area of unnecessary objects and stuffing (McKenna & McDade, 2005; Ottaviani, 2007). Application of these approaches indeed has significant effect to the likeliness of SIDS promoting the safety of the infant.In general, SIDS indeed has an unexpected nature affecting healthy infants without any likeliness of occurring. However, there are also many significant informations regarding the symptoms of SIDS and an educational awareness to these risk factors can affect the prevention of the problem. Thus, it is important to note the likely causes and contributory factors of SIDS to effectively prevent the problem. Indeed, with a close observation and critical knowledge towards the condition, health status, and environment of the infant, parents can positively protect their young ones from dying unexpectedly with the sudden infant death syndrome. BibliographyCarolan, Patrick L. & Tabib, Shahram & Tsou, Thomas (2007). Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. eMedicineHealth. September 14, 2007. http://www.emedicinehealth.com/sudden_infant_death_syndrome_sids/article_em.htm.Cornelius, Marie D (2000). The Effects of Tobacco Use During and After Pregnancy on Exposed Children. Alcohol Research & Health. Volume 24.McKenna, J. & McDade T. (2005). Why babies should never sleep alone: a review of the co-sleeping controversy in relation to SIDS, bedsharing and breast feeding. Paediatr Respir Rev. Volume 6, Pages 134–52.Ottaviani, Giulia (2007). Crib Death: Sudden Unexplained Death of Infants – The Pathologist’s Viewpoint. Springer Publication. 1st Edition. ISBN-10: 3540493700.Ukeje, Ikechukwu ; Bendersky, Margaret ; Lewis, Michael (2001). Mother-Infant Interaction at 12 Months in Prenatally Cocaine-Exposed Children. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Volume 27.

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