Justice is an indispensable quality of a social democratic society. It is the resultant feature of law and rights. When the requisite rights are secured and law is applied to protect them, justice ensues as a natural and inevitable product. The most effective guarantee for social democracy and the way of life associated with it is when government is a ‘government of law and not of men’. To the extent that the rule of law prevails, to that extent also liberty has the chance of being safeguarded and justice implemented. Men become free only when they act within the framework of law, both of their own nature and of those made to help them to realise their nature.
Then only can they be just to themselves and to others, and can expect justice from others. But justice on the socio-political and economic spheres is essentially secured through the existence and operation of the rule of law.In his classical exposition given by Dicey, rule of means ‘in the first place, the absolute supremacy or predominance of the regular law as opposed to the influence of arbitrary power, and excludes the existence of arbitrariness, of prerogatives or even of wide discretionary authority on the part of the government.’ Under the rule of law the government is prevented from acting as it pleases according to the changing fashion of opinions, and also from stultifying individual efforts by ad hoc action. Rule of law enables the individuals, under fixed rules governing the use of available resources, to engage in productive activities guided by his own perception of what is good for him and for society. This freedom under the rule of law would be negatived when economic activities are to conform to ‘decisions’ imposed by impersonal and imperfect ‘market forces’ or by a centralised planning body.