Scientific method is Science’s way of inquiring on things and trying to establish a truth that they have tested and experimented on. It is the way of scientist in correcting and integrating previous knowledge. Scientist tries their best not to be bias in interpreting results of their experiment. The use of scientific method is synonymous to an objective- based experiment, without the clouds of subjectivity.Who was the one who formulated this helpful method of experiment in the field of science? There is no one exact man who formulated it but it is the development of knowledge by different people from different time.
The Muslims were said to be the one to practice using scientific method as shown in their philosophy. Muslim philosophy shows that they use experiments to test their theories, conducts peer review which develops into a consensus before they accept something as knowledge, which for them is synonymous to general truth. (Wikipedia)Rene Descartes was said to be the first scientist to conduct what they termed then as a scientific method of testing ideas. He published the Discourse on Method where the Cartesian coordinate system evolves from. His method of experimenting was he doubts everything at first as to assess the world from a fresh perspective, clear of any preconceived notions.
Rene Descartes famous saying, “Cogito Ergo Sum” was also lifted from this book. A famous saying embedded by most philosophical scientist today which means, “I think therefore I am”. (Wikipedia)Another famous scientist who had contributed in the evolution of scientific method was Stuart Mill. He tried to tackle the application of science and logic to social issues and natural phenomena. One of his famous works was the “System of Logic” that was published in 1843. HE presented the idea of logic of consistency, the one that he regards as formal logic and logic of proof which is synonymous to showing how evidence proved or tended to prove the conclusions we draw from that evidence. Mill’s explanation was a broad one.
He tries to seek explanation for the events that human beings are interested from. He looks for general laws where we are concerned to explain less general laws as special cases of those laws. This work of Mill has worn out because of the fact that he was unwilling to accept the idea that social sciences would become omniscient about human behavior. He failed to see the truth that there is more that could be explained regarding social affairs, that there is an explanation deeper than that of common sense.It was Charles Sanders Peirce who proposed an idea that has greatly influence the development of general scientific method.
His idea focuses on using both Deduction and Induction. He had published a book entitled “How to Make Our Ideas Clear” in 1878. In this book of his, he gave an outline of how to objectively verify the truth. Peirce idea was that induction and deduction complements each other and not in a competitive context as that of the idea of scientist before him. It is also noted that he is the one who started the schema for hypothesis-testing that is a method in making scientific inquiry that is being used by most today. He is also the one who refined the processes of abductive, deductive, and inductive inference that is still being used today. (Wikipedia)Methodological naturalism was accepted as the main concept of scientific method after the rise of creation of science. This happened in the 20th century.
Scientific method then would be a collaborative effort of these scientists who tried their bets to make the method of experiment easier for scientists of today.Reference:The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2006).John Stuart Mill.
Retrieved September 14,2006 from http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/m/milljs.
htmWikipedia. (2006). Scientific Method. Retrieved September 14, 2006 fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_history_of_scientific_method