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Gang violence is a timely if not relevant issue as a study of choice. Gangs have been defined as an association of like minded individuals who have come together to work for similar goals. However, gangs have stringent rules of conduct and an almost blind faith to their groups and leaders. This alone has led gangs to become negatively construed and often feared in their own cities and neighborhoods. Gangs are associated with criminal activities and violence as well as lacking moral codes and values which means that they can commit acts of violence without feeling accountable for it. It has been found that gangs often recruit young men and adolescents who are idealistic and often not able to adequately tell write from wrong (Brownstein, 2000). On the other hand, a significant event or life-changing situation may cause the gang member to get out from the gang and hence has to resume normality in his daily life. Since boys become gang members more often than girls (Brownstein, 2000), an effort to design an intervention program for male ex-gang members is the object of this project.The concept of goals and the motivation to achieve the said goals is the core focus of this study. Goals refer to the object or situation with which the individual desires to achieve. This can range from material objects such as wealth to a sense of well-being such as peace of mind and happiness. Individual’s who seek gang membership do so for a number of reasons and most of which comes from the need to belong, the need to become a part of something larger than itself and or to gain power and authority which cannot be attained as an individual (Brownstein, 2000). Whatever the reasons are for joining gangs, the instance it sanctions and tolerates violence and criminal acts, the line between an innocent brotherhood and the accountability of the group is blurred. Thus, a young boy or teenager exposed in this form of environment may learn that violence is not wrong or that hurting other people or destroying properties are not criminal acts, hence behavioral change is geared towards bringing awareness and a deeper understanding of self-control and responsibility for one’s actions.Goal pursuit begins when the individual commits to the achievement of the goal; hence the goal is assessed in terms of its desirability and feasibility (Gollwitzer & Brandstätter, 1997). Desirability refers to attractiveness of the short-term or long-term consequences brought about by the attainment of the goal which can bring about a sense of accomplishment and or external reward that the individual values. Feasibility refers to how the individual assess his/her ability to pursue and attain the goal. For this project, the goal of behavioral change must become a personal goal which is desirable and attainable by the individual, hence the program must be designed to provide incremental successes and rewards.Self-regulation can be defined as the individual’s step-by step guide or the process with which the goal is attained (Oettingen, Hönig & Gollwitzer, 2000). It is a personal plan of action that can be drawn up as an aid to the achievement of a certain goal. When the individual has high self-regulation, then he/she is expected to commit to the plan and the rate of success for goal attainment is also high. In terms of the program design, it is necessary that the participants must be allowed to draw their own plan of action so that they will have a taste of responsibility and accountability. Behavior change can be achieved if the former gang member can say that he wishes to change, and that teaching them how to become responsible and have social awareness must also be within the framework of self-regulation and goal pursuit.

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