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Name:Freddy Benjamin Among Matric No:30245 Assignment :Research Proposal Title :When negotiation in family fails, does it have to end with wars? SSF2014 : Social Sciences Research Methods Lecturer: Dr. Peter Karubu Nwanesi When negotiation in family fails, does it have to end with wars? Section 1 1. 0 Introduction Negotiation occurs every day in life and it happens between two person or more. Let us take it to a simpler situation, in our daily life we live in the surroundings of our family.Negotiation occurs within family members, that is between a father and mother, father and children, mother and children, and also among the children itself. When people negotiate, it will ends with a decision that both sides will agree or argue. If things settle down with both sides agree, then the negotiation succeed. But what happens if it ends with an argument? A cold war or a real fight between the negotiators could be started. 1. 1 Background My research will be focusing on how to overcome the problem that comes out if the negotiation within family members failed.Actually, there are differences for negotiation that happens in family and for negotiation that happens between non-family (businessman, working collogue, and etc. ). Within family members, strong bonds keep them together because they came from the same ‘blood’ except for the mother or father because they came from different family and married till they have their own children and form a new family. Negotiation is not easy within family because emotion acts as one of the factor that will influenced their decision, judgment, or thinking.Differ with non- family negotiation that usually will only stand for their benefit and does not really care about the other side. Thus, it is very complicated when a war happens in a family. They might hate each other but because the bonds that they have, they still have the feeling of need to fix the issue that rise between for the sake of their bond. 1. 2 Statement of problem When negotiation between any family members failed, does it have to end with war/ fight between them (the two parties who negotiate with each other)? As an example, a negotiation happens between husband and wife.They argued about both have been working too much and it turns out their children is being left out. Thus they decided to discuss who should quit from job and take care of the child. In this situation, a lot of things need to be considered and this part shows how the process of negotiation starts between them. After a while, negotiation between them fails and they started to blame each other. The problem rises from here. This is where I will be looking for the ways to overcome the war that happen after a fail negotiation. In the mean times, I will also be looking for the pros and cons of the war to the family members. . 3 Research question 1) Why does the negotiation fails? 2) What are the outcomes of the war/ fight? Does it bring benefits? 3) How to overcome the problems that comes after the negotiation fails? 1. 4 Research objective 1) To study ways to overcome problem that exist after negotiation within a family members fail. 2) To determine what are the pros and cons to the family relationship after the war ends. 1. 5 Significant of the study The aims of this research are to improve public understanding about the appropriate ways to negotiate within family members.We have seen members of family in our society fought with each other and it actually drag along to humiliate the family dignity. Many would say that the family is not dedicated because such fight could happen between them. Thus, this also aims to bring awareness to families that negotiating skills are important so that a fight would not occur. Section 2 2. 0 Literature Review In this part I will be viewing about what has been done by other scholars regarding my topic. I will put my opinion on their work and relate it to my research. In other word, I will improvise what they had done before in my research later on. . 1 Introduction The issue of family negotiation has been studied before by scholars around the world. Negotiation is essential everywhere. It is not only in the corporate surroundings where negotiation is important but also in our daily life, in family. 2. 2 Why we negotiate? By looking deeper on what negotiation is will increase the understanding of my audiences towards my research. Negotiation implies flexibility, willingness to listen, and the ability to compromise to reach a satisfactory result for both parties (Lewicki et al. , 1993).Negotiation is the first method of choice for problem-solving and trying to reach a mutually acceptable agreement. In my research I am studying about family that fails to negotiate and ends up with war. Studied by Roberson (2004), stated that if negotiation fails between two parties, then it had to be taken to litigation. Litigation is a legal proceeding in court and this is very expensive. My subjects are families that may have not be very rich and they might not have enough money to proceed such small fight between them in the court. 2. 3 Parental Conflict and Its Effects on ChildrenKids who experience conflict in home are more likely to be wild and some may be quiet. Nowadays, parents know to keep their children safe from psychological harm. Parents may wish that they could control the books they read, the music they listen to, and the TV shows they watch, only because parents fear the negative influence that media can have on children development. But surprisingly, many parents do not see themselves and their relationships as external influences on children. In truth, children who experience parental conflict are often at a higher risk for a number of psychological and behavioral problems (Perles, 2006).This is especially the case when it comes to couples who clash in parenting style. Behavioral problems are more likely to occur in children whose parents have differing opinions on parenting style (Cummings & Davies, 2010). For example, if one parent is very strict and the other lets the kids do anything they want, it can lead to disagreements as well as confusion on the part of the children. But even when disagreements are not over parenting issues, excessive parental conflict still hurts children. Therefore I agree that family conflict may lead to any effects on other family members.Parents will noticed that their conflicts are giving a negative impact on their children and they will gain a mutual understanding with each other later on, just to make sure that thing will goes normal again for the sake of their child healthy growing. 2. 4 Contract helps in solving conflicts Contracts are an effective way of building trust among family members (Anderson, 1985). Parents set a caring attitude by living up to the terms, while still being able to guide their youngsters. Teens get a chance to control more of their own activities while proving that they are mature.And the whole household benefits from a happier, more relaxed atmosphere. Contracts can work in most adolescent situations. As an example, two teen-age sisters who had been at fighting to keep her room cleaner (tidying chores were clearly outlined) in exchange for borrowing privileges from her sister’s larger wardrobe. The ‘tidy’ sister agreed to lend her clothes and stop nagging. If cleanliness standards weren’t met, no borrowing was permitted that week. Contract is indeed one of the best ways in solving conflicts and it can be used as one of the solutions for my research proposal topic.I will try to relate this system of contract with my research especially in my questionnaires. 2. 5 Conclusion As I can conclude, when negotiation happens to be failed, it will has an effect on other family members. Either it is pros or cons, we are not sure about it. But then when it comes to a situation where children are affected by their parents conflict, and when the parents realized that their conflict are affecting their children, it turns out that the parents will be negotiating for a better contract that will do a benefit on their child for the sake of not harming their child growing process.This is just an example of how a failure in negotiation can turns out to increase the understanding of both parties. 2. 6 Hypotheses After the war/ fight between family members, a better relationship between both who fought will be formed. Failure in negotiation Leads to war War/ conflict (will affect family members) The effect of conflict leads to A better understanding Section 3 3. 0 Research Method This section will explain about the method that I will choose for my research. This section presents an overview of the methods to use in the study.Areas covered include the research design, population, sample and sampling techniques, data collection and analysis. 3. 1 Qualitative / Quantitative In my research, I will be using both qualitative and quantitative. For quantitative I will provide questionnaires for my respondents. These questionnaires contain Likert scales that will range from strongly disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, and strongly agree. The answers from my respondents based on the Likert scale, later on will be converted into marks. As an example, I will give 1 mark if they answer strongly disagree, and 5 marks if they strongly agree.This shows how I will convert the Likert scale (qualitative style) into marks so that it is easy for me to convert it into quantitative data. And for qualitative, I will prepare also a questionnaire for my respondents, but this time the questions are subjective to their answer. The collected qualitative data later on will help me in getting extra information about my subject own opinion because the question in my quantitative questionnaire is fixed with what I seek. Therefore, qualitative questionnaire main purpose is to get any extra information that can be added in my data collection later on. . 2 Research population The research population for my research is families that live in the same surrounding area. The families that I will choose will be categorized into two; happy families and problem families. For a more constant result, family with range of 4-8 members will be my population. Because I am afraid that different size of family will have different result. 3. 3 Research sampling Actually I am going to separate my scope of study between a happy family and problem family, and stratified sampling does suit with this scope.But it is going to be difficult to differentiate which family is happy or sad in my study area and two different types of questionnaires are needed. Therefore I will include a question in my questionnaire whether the respondents are in a happy or problem family, and later on will discriminate these two types of family answers in my research. Thus I will be using a simple random sampling technique. 3. 4 Data Collection My research will only be using the data that I collected. The outcome comes from the data that I collected myself using questionnaires and interview from my subject.So it is clearly that I am using primary data collection. 3. 5 Study instrument The main study instruments for my research are questionnaires. Just in case if I changed the way I collected data for my qualitative method, such as I am going to interview my respondents and not going to used subjective questionnaire, then I will be needing a voice recorder or a video camera. 3. 6 Study area The study area that I choose is located near my hometown Tuaran, Sabah. There is no specific reason why I choose this place as my study area.However, negotiation in family happens anywhere in this world. Thus, for a start I may conduct it near my hometown, later on I will conduct the same research in other place and differentiate whether there is a differences in term of family negotiation in different places. 3. 6. 1 Scope The scope for my study will be focus on any random family in Tuaran, Sabah. Because I will be giving questionnaires, my respondents should be range from age 15- 60 years old. Those who are below 15 might have slightly little experience in negotiation and not matured enough to fit in with my requirement.As for age above 60, I do not want too old respondents because those who are too old might not negotiate well with other family members because they tend to be having this feeling that they are old people and they know it better than others or they will simply just let others control them because they are old and tired of all this fighting. 3. 7 Code of ethics The code of ethics which include rules of what should and should not in researcher do on the research. In my research I will be professional in approaching my respondents and will not force them to answer if they do not want to.The questionnaire will be spread randomly like professional does and will not be filled by myself if I am lack of respondents. As for the data that I collected will be keep as private and confidential. 3. 8 Limitation One of topic that I cannot ask in my questionnaire is how does husband and wife negotiate when it comes to sex. This is because of the surrounding societies does not really accept these kind of questions to be ask generally to public. So this is one of the limitations that I face in my research study area.References Lewicki, R. J. , Litterer, J. A. , Saunders, D. M. , & Minton, J. W. 1993). Negotiation: Readings, exercises, and cases (2nd ed. ), Homewood, IL: Irwin. Roberson. L. , American journal of family law, page 7, Aspen Publicher Inc. Perles. k, 2006, Parental conflict and its effects on children, education. Com, http://www. education. com/magazine/article/conflict-impact-on-kids/ Cummings, E. , & Davies, P. T. (2010). Marital conflict and children: An emotional security perspective. New York: Guilford. Anderson, W. J. (1985). Conflicts between family members?. Try negotiating a contract. The Christian Science monitor. http://www. csmonitor. com/1985/0318/hagree. html

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