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China’s foreign policy is described as somewhat revolutionary as it was precisely drafted and implemented under Mao Zedong’s Chinese revolution. Mao himself was the architect behind the foreign policy with Zhou En-Lai as his policy maker. The context of Mao’s foreign policy is based on the Chinese mentality as “victims” and came up with an independent foreign policy of peace.The ultimate goal of the policy is to safeguard China’s independence and sovereignty. It also aims to foster a positive attitude to ensure world peace for country’s socialist modernization drive. Liu Huaqui, in an article published in Quishi Magazine, cited the policy principles as the following: safeguarding independence; opposing hegemonism and safeguarding world peace; developing good-neighborly relations; strengthening unity and cooperation amongst third world nations; establishing and developing friendly cooperative ties with all nations on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence; maintaining a positive attitude toward international cooperation; making energetic efforts to promote the establishment of a new international order; opposing arms race and promoting the disarmament process; practicing comprehensive opening to the outside world; and actively enhancing the friendly people-to-people contacts throughout the world.China forged an alliance with the Soviet Union. Later, it severed its ties to the Soviet. In addition, the United States issued an embargo that affected China’s economy. On the domestic level, there were rebellions and uprisings as the party tried to purge the country for the expansion of communism and in pursuit of the foreign policy.The foreign policy serves to preserve China. The goals may address the issue of diplomacy and international relations but it is directly aimed at safeguarding China, its interests and its ideology. Mao believed that domestic and international policies are intertwined.  With this line of thinking, he did not opt for another foreign policy.Through out Mao’s rule and until today, China was able to safeguard its sovereignty and national dignity.The foreign policy also allowed China to have a peaceful co-existence with its neighboring countries. It consistently played the role of a coordinator in promoting regional and global peace. China also sent troops during the Korean and Vietnam Wars as aid to allied socialist countries.China played well in the international scene but in the domestic level, most of Chinese peasants were barely surviving. The economy was struggling. Millions died during the implementation of the Great Leap Forward due to Soviet’s withdrawal of aid. The foreign policy failed to support the peasant’s cause and turned deaf to the growing discontentment among the intellectuals and laborers. Internal or domestic conflicts and rebellions were on the rise.  The Party subdued these forces in an attempt to build China’s image and reputation in the global community.Mao as a leader was very charismatic and influential. He was deemed as the all-wise and all-foreseeing leader. He portrayed himself as the champion of the masses; the upholder of the poor; the supporter of peasant cause. His personality cult was magnified to the great extent that his pictures and marble busts are stable in rooms and public parks all over the country. He rose to great prominence and help supreme authority in the Party that his colleagues respected him and obeyed his order. Most of his men were afraid to oppose him for fear of retaliation.His personality overshadowed the grave effects of the foreign policy in local communities. He was hailed as hero but the West regarded him as a threat.

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