Harmonizing to the Merriam-Webster lexicon.
civilization is defined as “the incorporate form of human cognition. belief and behaviour that depends upon the capacity for larning and conveying cognition to wining coevalss. ” Culture is an aspect all groups of worlds have and even though it is an aspect our species portions.
the supposed differences make it seem like we are of different species! Culture is something that both connects and separates us. Culture is something distinguishable plenty to make barriers among us. such as: lingual barriers and behavioural barriers. And this is particularly seen between the American and Chinese civilizations.
River Town. by Peter Hessler. is a non-fiction novel that depicts Peter’s experiences as a Peace Corps voluntary in Fuling.
China. He was sent to Fuling ( a hapless town on the Bankss of the Yangtze River ) in 1996 and taught English and American literature for two old ages at a instructors college. This novel. in reading. seems more of a diary and therefore. his authorship of China puts the people and his experiences on a more personal degree. He describes. with huge item.
his observations of the societal. political and cultural issues of China and his experience as a waiguoren ( alien ) . At his reaching. the people of the instructors college showered him and his fellow Peace Corps voluntary with many gifts and did everything they could to do them experience comfy and welcome. However. alternately.
whenever Peter would walk outside the campus of the school. the people would gaze and goggle at him and yell. “outsider! ” and “hello” out of wonder and their ain amusement.This made him give a big portion of his twenty-four hours entirely to larning Chinese. As he becomes more adept in Chinese. he develops friendly relationships and connexions and begins to experience more recognized. He talks about the troubled history of China: the battles of land reform. decennaries of ill-conceived economic policies and particularly the detrimental effects of the Cultural Revolution.
Peter spends a good trade discoursing the. so. upcoming undertaking of the Three Gorges Dam. which has an immense.
damaging impact on the people. The undertaking will necessitate 1000000s of villagers to be displaced and will destruct centuries worth of meaningful history. The writer gives a really graphic illustration of the beautiful landscape. history and the people he meets. He besides portrays the. particularly political.
positions of the Chinese rather good through larning from his pupils and instructors.Harmonizing to Francis Hsu. the two sets of contrasts are: individual-centered versus situation-centered and the prominence of emotions versus the underplay of all affairs sing the bosom. He believed Americans are concerned merely of themselves and move harmonizing to what would be good to them. and that the Chinese acted harmonizing to the state of affairs at manus. The Chinese avoid direct confrontation. unfastened unfavorable judgment and controversial subjects to keep harmoniousness.
“In America. he saw the blind. frequently inordinate chase of autonomy and the inherent. lasting instability of human relationships as the root cause of many intractable societal ailments. including offense.
racial strife. and the sale of influence in authorities. In China. he saw the traditional narrow focal point on affinity based relationships had rendered their society unable to efficaciously counter Western colonialism. widespread poorness and dearth. and even the pattern of pes binding of adult females. ” ( Tong 2001 )One facet of the book that truly interested me was the instruction system and different cultural differences of how instruction is looked upon.
In the book. the pupils all had the same ideas on about every issue and those sentiments would be unwavering. However. “Perhaps by my criterions they were politically brainwashed. but compared to the yesteryear they were unusually free.
” ( Hessler 2001:23 ) They would besides pass on indirectly to Hessler ; frequently times via their diaries. Not merely is the larning environment in China extremely competitory and demanding. but outlooks are high of pupils. coercing them to merely larn to accomplish the highest class possible. Besides. Chinese pupils do non hold electives they can take from. they are assigned categories that best correspond to their tonss on trials.
Whereas in America. individuality and self-expression if looked high upon. Therefore. in America. the single student’s abilities and accomplishments determine where they go in the hereafter. and in China. what society or their parents want determines where they go. This is precisely what Francis Hsu talked about.
I believe Peter Hessler was comparatively nonsubjective in his journaling. Whenever he brought up ideas or sentiments of his pupils or any of the Fuling people. he briefly gave the history and background of them so we can understand where they are coming from. However.
there were a few times where you could feel his extreme prejudice. but this was ne’er to the full apparent in his authorship.The difference between American and Chinese places reflects the contrasting forms of behaviour in the household. In the US. kids are extremely regarded. cared for and have privilege. so far as to hold Torahs and ordinances protecting them. In China.
kids are taken for granted and have little to no ground to anticipate protection. Pediatricss was non a subdivision of medical specialty in China until merely late. In America. what is of import is what parents should make for their parents ; in China. what is of import is what the kids should make for their parents. This is a major ground why Chinese pupils are so focussed on acquiring the best classs. so they can acquire a good occupation and take attention of their seniors. This is the footing for Filial Piety ( virtuousness of regard for one’s parents and ascendants ) .
American pupils concentrate on what is best for them and will normally travel out the house at age 18 with no respect to taking attention of their seniors. Another difference between the two civilizations is societal relationships. The Chinese have formal. hierarchical relationships in which they feel most comfy cognizing their place. Americans have informal. classless relationships in which they feel most comfy among their peers and societal ranking is non of import.
Ironically nevertheless. the Chinese tend to hold a few. really close friends to whom they feel obligated to when it comes to assisting them ; Americans tend to hold legion “friends” and familiarities that changes over clip and to whom they feel no duties.
Plants Cited2001 River Town: Two old ages on the Yangtze. HarperCollins Publishers. Aguilar.Leslie. and Linda Stokes 1996.
Multicultural Customer Service: Supplying Outstanding Service Across Cultures. Chicago: Timess Mirror Higher Education Group. Inc “CultureAbout Our Definitions: All Forms of a Word ( noun. Verb.
Etc. ) Are Now Displayed on One Page. ” Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster. n. d. Web.
18 Apr. 2013 Li Qing 1995. “Face.
Guanxi. Houmen ( R ) & A ; Elastic Rules: Insight into the Chinese Culture. ” Presentation at conference of NAFSA: Association of International Educators. Tong.
William K. “Excerpts from Americans & A ; Chinese by Francis Hsu. ” Excerpts from Americans & A ; Chinese by Francis Hsu. Oakton Community College. 2001.
Web. 22 Apr. 2013