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Indonesia had smothered several towns yesterday when Series Manning had a hazardous API of 333. The district’s API is now 137. Meanwhile, in Niger Assembling and Malaria, the smoke is still present. As for Juror, the worst of the haze appears to have left with most areas now registering a moderate API. The Department of Environment now releases an hourly API reading that showed levels dropping in many places after am this morning. Currently 13 areas have been identified as unhealthy and 35 as moderate, across the country.

This is a marked improvement from yesterdays am reading that indicated one hazardous location, five very unhealthy areas, 19 unhealthy locations and 25 moderate spots. In a latest development, the Malaysian Health Ministry plans to push for the Cabinet to lower the API trigger that automatically closes schools. The Education Ministry director-general Chafer Muhammad had issued a directive on Monday ordering schools with Apish over 300 to close while Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sir Muddying Hissing said that parents have the option to not send their children to school due to the haze.

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Over in Jakarta, the Indonesian government announced yesterday that it was aspirating disaster officials to Aria and will have a total of 5,300 rescue personnel on the ground combating the forest fires. THE MALAYSIAN INSIDER Haze in Singapore Clear skies are seen in Too Pooh at 4. Pm on Sunday, June 30, 2013. The three-hour Pollutant Standards Index (SSI) on Sunday afternoon dipped to its lowest since the haze blanketed Singapore two weeks ago. PHOTO: SHE DRILLERS The three-hour Pollutant Standards Index (SSI) on Sunday afternoon dipped to its lowest since the haze blanketed Singapore two weeks ago.

The reading at pm stood at 17, while the pm reading was 18. Both are in the “good” air quality range. The 24-hour average SSI at pm was 57-62, down from 58-63 the day before. Air in the 51-100 SSI range is considered “moderate”. A reading of between 101 and 200 is considered “unhealthy”, between 201 and 300 is “very unhealthy”, and anything above 300 is hazardous. However, the 24-hour average readings of PM. 5 concentration – referring to particles which are 2. 5 microns or smaller – remain high at 46-61. Health advisories kick in when that figure breaches 40.

The rains that swept through most parts of Singapore early Sunday could have contributed to the decreasing SSI adding, but studies have shown that rain does not fully wash the PM. 5 particles from the air. Due to their small size, PM. 5 particles easily bypass the nasal system and can penetrate deep into the lungs, making them more toxic, Thus, pregnant women, the elderly and children are still advised to curtail outdoor activities that last several hours, while those with chronic lung and heart diseases should avoid all outdoor activities if possible. Air pollution in china and u. S. The United States and China are the top two energy consumers in the world. As a consequence, they are also the top two emitters of numerous air pollutants which have local, regional, and global impacts. Arbitration has led to serious air pollution problems in U. S. And Chinese cities; although U. S. Cities continues to face challenges, the lessons they have learned in managing energy use and air quality are relevant to the Chinese experience. This report summarizes current trends, profiles two U. S. And two Chinese cities, and recommends key actions to enable each country to continue to improve urban air quality.

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