There are many factors that can affect sporting performances in positive and negative ways. In this section I will talk about a few of these examples which include social, physiological and psychological. Role models are one social factor that may affect your performance in a positive way. Many young performers have role models they look up to. Most of these are professional sportsmen or women, who have achieved a lot in a certain sport.This is a positive thing because the athlete will do their best to aspire and be like their role model. This means the performer will try their best to improve as they want to be like their role models and achieve what they have achieved.
It also helps to educate the performer as they are more likely to listen to them and do what they say as they look up to them. Role models can inspire people to aim for goals and achieve ambitions which they think may be beyond their reach. It’s good to have these dreams and ambitions and to have people who inspire us to go for it therefore role models are very important factors which affect your performance in a positive way.Access is another social factor that may affect your performance in a positive or negative way. If there are resources available and nearby for examples clubs etc, then this encourages people to play a certain sport and join a club. This has a positive affect on someone’s performance as they can easily get to this place and train which will help improve their performances. If a club is nearby, then it is also more likely that you stick to it as you don’t have to travel a long distance to get to it.
This will mean you will have more time to practise and improve in a sport as you go everyday in order to get better.By having things like football leagues nearby, it will also motivate you more as you will want to achieve more things such as wining trophies. This will also have a positive affect on your performance as you will try harder on order to achieve your goals. However on the other hand, the lack of resources may have a negative affect on your performance. If there are no facilities nearby, for a certain sport then it is more likely that you will change sport and try something else. This will mean you will never improve it as you are not sticking to a sport meaning your performance will dip as you will not be able to practise as much. In some cases your age and gender may affect the availability of facilities as sometimes young people can not join certain things. In this case, you will get a bad impression of the sport as you are not allowed to participate which will likely lead in the loss of interest in a certain sport, meaning you don’t care about it and don’t try hard in it.
Injuries are a physiological factor that will affect your performance in a negative way. If you are ill or injured it means you will not be able to perform at your best as it may cause pain. For example, if you had a cold you would not be able to breathe as well as usual meaning the lack of oxygen in your muscles will make their endurance decrease therefore your performance will decrease as you will be slower and will not be able to last as long. An injury will usually stop you from taking part in a physical activity or compete at a high level.This could mean a lack of training, which will reduce your overall performance as you are not practicing enough.
Another negative factor could be if you were badly injured in a certain sport. This will make you more cautious about it once you’ve recovered meaning you may not challenge for the ball as strongly in football for example due to the fear. This will also have a negative affect on performance as you will not play as best as you can.Diet is another physiological factor that may have a positive or negative affect on your performance. If a diet is planned correctly including all the different essential nutrients in the correct proportion then it can have a positive affect in your performance in many ways. This diet will contain: carbohydrates; to prove energy, Proteins; for growth and repair, Fats; for energy(stored), fibre; to aid digestion and the removal of waste products, vitamins; for repair, to resist against infection and to regulate chemical reactions, minerals; for building tissue, strengthening bones, aiding the transport of red blood cells, to regulate body fluids and finally, water to stop us over heating and help remove unabsorbed waste products as well as keeping us hydrates, so our cells in our body can work well.