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A more sophisticated version of a satellite positioning system can be used to track a stolen car. The car has a tracking device installed in it. When the owner reports the car as stolen, the tracking response center can see where the car is on a large road map on a large computer screen. They can them watch the position of the car as it travels along the roads. The response center can them send this information to the police who are then able to intercept the stolen vehicle. Information services Information kiosks

An information kiosk is a small structure, usually with a computer and monitor in it, that displays information for the public. They are often located near the entrances of shopping centers where they provide information about the shops in the center. Kiosks are also used to provide points where tourists can get information such as maps, places to visit and accommodation details. Information kiosks often make use of touch screens. Information on touch screen http://www. magictouch. com/applications. htm http://inventors. about. com/library/inventors/bltouch. htm.

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Finding a venue If you decide to go on a night out you might need to consult the local paper to find out what’s on. If you don’t have one, then you would access the Internet for details of concerts, plays, gigs, films, etc. You could find out where the events are and their start times. Many websites also allow you to book tickets on-line using your credit card. Information services in libraries Many libraries offer on-line access to a newspaper and journals database called INFOTRAC. This allows users to search and access 40 newspaper titles and over 6,000 journal titles.

As well as the current issues, you can access past issues too, so this database is a very good source of information. The National Health Service (NHS) The National Health Service provides free healthcare of everyone in the UK. To provide a suitable level of care requires a lot of money. Any money the NHS saves can be used to employ more doctors and nurses and to take up the latest treatments. NHS Direct online is a new website that provides information on non-serious conditions such as coughs, colds, sore throats, etc.

Doctors spend a lot of time with patients who have non-serious conditions that would clear up by themselves after couple of days. Patients can now get advice on these conditions over the Internet, or over the telephone from qualifies nurses. This frees up GP’s time for more serious cases. www. nhsdirect. nhs. uk The police The police force is considered a community service. On of its tasks is to make links with local communities in the fight against crime. The police force is not simply there to catch criminals; it is also there to prevent crime. Here are some ICT developments that have helped prevent crime:

1. Speed and red-light cameras deter drivers from committing offences and make the roads a safer place. Some of the latest digital cameras send an image of the car to the police and then looks up the registration number and sends the registered keeper a warning or a fine. 2. Computerized camera systems monitor the areas around shopping centers, bars and other areas where people congregate to deter would-be criminals. Here are some ICT developments that have helped detect crime: 1. Police force websites where members of the public can inform anonymously on people they know who have committed an offence.

2. A national computer system called the Police National Computer (PNC), which all police forces can access. 3. National fingerprint collection on computer enables fingerprints found at the scene of a crime to be compared and matched with all those kept on the computer. 4. DNA profiling, where DNA samples are compared and matched with samples taken from suspects or criminals. On-line discussion forums There are many websites on the Internet where people with similar opinions and interests can discuss matters that are important to them, such as health or political issues.

After topical or controversial television programmes, websites are often advertised where you can find further information on the subject raised. Pressure groups are groups of people who try to change legislation or public opinion over an issue they feel strongly about, such as fox hunting or testing drugs on animals. There are many pressure groups that promote environmental issues, such as a group called Greenpeace. It is important that issues raised by pressure groups are actively debated. There are always two sides to an argument.

On-line discussion forums enable people with both points of view to debate the matter. Area of investigation Example Location How does it meet the needs of the community? Cyber cafi?? and other public access points learning world, surf centers Community centers/ organizations, libraries, public places such as shopping centers, high streets, airports, train stations, etc. It’s handy and convenient for people to access internet for information they want. It also provides access for those who do not have computer at home or at work. On-line discussion forums interest and pressure group, lobbying,

Anywhere people can access to internet. On-line discussion forums give people chances to express their own ideas and opinions. For example, pressure groups are groups of people who seek to influence the government or public opinion. Information services information kiosks, finding a venue, NHS online train stations, airports, entrance to the shopping centers, libraries, museums, It’s very helpful for people to get information or find places Public transport and travel information arranging itineraries, websites for flight information’, global position system Website:

taxi companies people can find out the flight time at home through internet before they go to airport to pick up somebody. The global position system enable the taxi office to pinpont a taxi that is free and nearest to the caller. Satellite position systems sailing, airplane, air traffic comtrol companies By using satellite positioning system, the position of a airplane, a taxi or even a person can be easily found. What are the advantages of using this technology? With the above Information and Communication Technology accessible to community, communication has become much easier.

Community people can live in the global village irrespective of distance and boundaries. Communication is also much more quick and convenient. As most of the data in the above technology stays in electronic format, it increases the accuracy and the speed of finding the information. It also greatly reduces the use of paper. On-line discussion forums give people chances to express their ideas and opinions freely. Are there any disadvantages to using this technology? ICT facilities can be expensive for community as well. Some communities may not be able to afford them even if they could like to have certain facilities.

What’s more, in some public places, the hardware and software used can be quite old and slow. Another disadvantage is that if the network link goes down, the two parties cannot send or receive data, communication can be stopped or delayed. Staff working in community needs lots of training to catch up the development of the technology. Employers should also pay attention to the Health and Safety Regulation to make sure their employees work in a healthy environment. All the legislations and Acts concerning with ICT should be followed.

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